Students’ Learning Outcomes

·  Recognize and use words similar and opposite in meaning                             

                                     Information for Teachers

·         Similar means having same meanings.
They are also called synonyms.
·         Opposite words are also called grade 111, we use direct opposite e.g. big/small, old/new, dirty/clean etc.
·         Opposite are often adjectives as they describe (words) e. g. old book, small cat etc.
Synonyms & Antonyms

                             Material / Resources

                   Board, chalk/marker, worksheet, charts, textbook.

                    Worm up Activity

·         Ask the students randomly to tell anything about the following:
·         Big in the class / anything small in the class.
·         Clean in the class / anything dirty in the class.
·         Dull / black / white / colorful in the class.
·         New in the class / anything old in the class.
·         After this activity, tell the students that they will learn some similar and opposite words.
Synonyms & Antonyms

           Activity 1

·         Write the following words on the board.
·         Old, long, difficult, big, hard, tall, heavy, new, small, beautiful, cold, short.
Synonyms & Antonyms
·         Ask the students to work in groups and tell the words and their opposite from the given list of words.
·         Once the students have done with the opposite, discuss similar meanings of the words with them. Let the students guess.
·         Help when required.
·         Ask the students to note down the similar and opposite meaning words in their notebooks side by side.

            Activity 2

·         Write the following activity on the board.
·         Find the word next to it that is the synonym.
1.       Bad;    awful,    silly
2.       Pretty; beautiful, ugly    
3.       Thin; fat, lean           
4.     Big; large, small            
5.       Talk;   speak, silent                   
6.     Wet; dry, soaked           
7.       Quick;  slow,  fast             
8.       Glad;   happy,   sad                
·         Draw three columns on the writing board and ask the students to draw the same in their notebooks e. g.
Similar meaning words
Opposite meaning words
·         Ask the students to guess the meanings of difficult words in pairs.
·         Ask them randomly about the meanings of the difficult words.
·         Ask them to write similar meaning words and opposite meaning words in respective columns.
·         Tell them to note the words and meanings side by side on their notebooks.
·         Once they understand all the meanings, ask them to put them in the columns accordingly.
·         Take rounds to monitor and help the students, where required.
                                       Sum up / Conclusion
·         Conclude the lesson by asking the students:
What are synonyms?    Given example:
What are antonyms? Given example:
·         Assess students’ performance through activity 1 and 2.
·         Take a round and ask students about their scores.
·         Involve the students in solving problems given in exercise at the end of unit/chapter.
                                                          Follow up
·         Ask the students to consult a dictionary to find out opposite or similar meaning words of the following:
Old                  long                            difficult
Big                   hard                            tall
Heavy              fast                              small

Beautiful          cold                             short

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