Verb use Can and May

                 Lesson plan of  Verb use Can and May)

                              English Grade 3

                             Student Learning outcome

*Demonstrate use of the Verb can/cannot to show ability and inability.
*Identify and use may/may not for seeking or giving permission and prohibition.

                             Information for Teacher:

*Can’ is used to express ability to say that something is possible.
*Can is a model verb.All the auxiliary verbs except ‘be’, ‘do’ and ‘have’ are called modals.
Verb use Can and May
Verb use Can and May
*Modal verb gives more information about the mai verb that follows it.
*We use the first form of verb after ‘can’.                                                                                                      For example
                                     I can speak English
·         To form the negative we add ‘not’ after can: cannot.                                                                               For example
                                               She cannot eat two burger/apples.
·         ‘May’ is used in formal style to request for permission ( in question),giving  permission ( in affirmative sentences) and refusing permission ( in negative sentences).                                For example
                                             May I borrow your book for a day ?
                                            You may have my book.
                                            You may not.
·         While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where it is required.

                                                   Material / Resources:

Board,Chalks/Markers, Chart,Textbook, Pictures of people doing action (Swimming , using computer , riding a horse , writing Chines , climbing tree/ mountain), etc.


                                                 Activity no. 1

·         Write on the board: I can paint a picture. My grandfather cannot paint a picture.
·         Write 5 action words on the board. ( see sample action words at the end of the lesson plan).
·         Ask the students to take out their note books.
·         Tell students to write I can before each action if they can do it. Tell them to write  I cannot do it.
Activity no. 2
·         Ask the students: may I open the window/door, please ? use action words for the students’ understanding.
·         If the students say ‘yes’, tell them to say a complete sentence: you may open you window’.
·         Tell the students if they do not want the door/window to be opened, they can refuse to give permission by saying: You may not open  the window /door.
·         Tell the students that we use ‘may’ to ask for permission to do something (see information for teacher above). It is considered polite to ask for permission.
·         Practice with more examples. Involve the students in the practice.

                                               Activity no.3

·         Write the following five sentences on the board. Ask the students to copy the sentences in their notebooks. Tell the students to write ‘may’ if they want to give permission. Tell them to write ‘may not’ if they don’t want to give permission.
·          She————-eat many mangoes.
·          He————–use my pencil.
·          You————-read the book.
·          Visitors——–feed the animals.
·          Children———-play in the ground.
Sum up / Conclusion:
Quickly review the lesson by asking the students questions:
·         When do we use the verb ‘can’ ?
·          When do we use the verb ‘cannot’ ?
·          When do we use ‘may’ and ‘may not’ ?
·          Is it polite to use may / may not ?


·         Assess the students, ability to use the verb ‘can /cannot’ through their correct responses during introduction and sum up.
·         Assess the students’ ability to use ‘may / may not’  for asking or giving permission and refusing during the oral activity 2.
·          Asses the students’ ability to identify use of ‘may / may not’ for asking or giving permission and refusing through the follow up activity.

·         Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit/chapter.                                                                                                                          Follow up

·          Give students more sentences to practice use of can/cannot and may/may not.
·         Ask the students to practice using may / may not in the class. Tell them to ask for permission if they want to:
·          Go out of the class to drink water or use the toilet.
·         Com in the class.

·         Borrow something from each other.

Leave a Comment