Lesson Plan of WH Questions
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Recognize the function of selected question words e.g. what, when, to write answers to simple questions.
- Identify and illustrate the use of question words: what, who, where, when, why.
- Write a few sentences to describe a picture and a series of pictures.
- Write name, phone number and address.
Information for Teachers
- Do a quick recap/ review of the previous lesson by asking simple questions before starting the activity.
- For a simple answer, ask questions starting with one of the following questions words: what, where, when, why, who.
- The questions what, which, who are followed by ‘be’ form (am, isd, are) of the verb. E.g. who are? What is this?
- Recap the concept of am, is, and are, and punctuation mark for questions when doing this plan to check their understanding/knowledge.
- Picture description must be done as an end activity of question words. Ask questions about the picture to help students describe the picture.
- Also recap the plan about ‘am’, ‘is’, ‘are’ for describing things and actions to do the picture description.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, worksheets, textbook
- Ask students if they could meet Shahid Afridi, what 3 things they would like to know about him e.g. favourite food, his place of birth, his children, etc.
- Guide the students that when they meet him they must ask him questions like these;
- Who is your favourite player?
- Why do you like cricket?
- What is your favourite food?
- Where were you born? (Encourage students to make more questions).
- Tell the students that we ask questions to get information. Introduce the question mark and wh question words.
- Draw a hand on the board and write one question word in each finger (what, when, why, where, who). Make students learn the question words.
- Write the following questions of ‘what’ on the board.
- What is your favourite colour?
- What is your favourite season?
- What is your mother`s name?
- What is your favourite cartoon programme?
- Ask the students to answer these questions. Ask as many students as possible for practice.
- The teacher may ask these questions also:
- What is in my hand?
- What is on the table?
- What do you have in your hand?
- Help the students understand the function of the question word. (To ask about something e.g. an object/thing/person/place)
- Point towards the punctuation mark. Ask them:
- Why is there no full stop at the end of this sentence? (This will be a recap of their previous lesson).
- Ask a few students to volunteer to ask ‘what’ questions.
- Write the answers of questions asked from the students on board and put full-stop with a coloured chalk.
- Tell the students that we put full-stop at the end of the statement.
- In pairs, give a worksheet of placing a question mark and a full-stop.
- Provide help when and where required.
- Ask the students to ask some simple questions using ‘when’. You may write these questions on the board.
- For some of these questions you can use little chits cut into round shape with numbers written from 1-12(like a clock dial). They have a lesson on ‘Telling Time”. It can be integrated with this lesson.
- Ask students to draw the hour hand to answer the questions:
- The questions may be as:
- When do you get up? (use the clock time)
- When does your school start? (use the clock time)
- When is the week end? (Day)
- When is your birthday? (Date)
- When did Pakistan get its independence? (date/year)
- Tell students that when question word helps us find out about time/date/date/year.
- Show capitalization and point out the question mark too.
- Ask them why there is no full-stop at the end of this sentence.
- Ask the students to read the given text. A text should be selected with simple questions of ‘what’ and ‘when’.
- Write questions on the board and ask them.
- Ask the students to write the answers using capitalization and correct punctuation.
- Ask the students to copy questions from the board in copies.
- Ask the following questions: (Take responses) (You can make more questions and ask from as many students as possible)
- Write the word WHO on the board.
- Ask the students that when this word (who) is used? (Possible answer may be as; when we want to know about someone who did some action. If students can`t give this response, you tell them this rule.)
- Make students ask questions with ‘WHO’ in the class. Correct them if they make mistakes in making questions.
- Make students learn the spelling of the word ‘WHO’.
- Select a sample text. You may use the following text:
- Ask students to write the answers in their notebooks.
- These are sample questions. Teacher should prepare questions according to the next they have selected for this activity.
- Ask students to use ‘who’ in sentences.
- Remind students to use question marks properly in their questions.
- Ask the following questions: (take responses, you can make more questions and ask from as many students as possible).
- Write the word ‘WHERE’ on the board.
- Ask the students when is this word ‘WHERE’ used. (Possible answer may be as; when we want to know about the place/location/position of someone or something. If students can`t give this response, you tell them this rule).
- Make students ask questions with ‘WHERE’ in the class. Correct them if they make mistakes learn the spelling of the word ‘WHERE’.
(WHERE: PLACE & LOCATION)
- Ask the students to read the text having information answering the questions of ‘where’.
- Select a picture from the lesson in which some person is present somewhere in the room.
- These questions are:
- Ask the students to write the answers in their notebooks.
- Remind them to use question marks carefully.
- Ask the students to read the text having information and answer the questions of ‘why’. The teacher may start this activity by asking questions from the students. Show the given picture:
- Tell the students that the word BECAUSE is used to give reason in the answer to a WHY question. E.g. the lion is dancing because he is happy.
- Encourage the students to answer and use as many question words as they can in this activity.
- Divide the students into two teams.
- Encourage students to ask similar or the same questions from each other, and to answer the questions asked by the other team.
- Invite the students to ask questions from you and from each other, for example, they may ask, “What is the name of your mother?”
- Select a picture from the textbook in which some persons are present somewhere in the room, in the park or somewhere else. You can also use the sample given below.
- Ask students simple questions and encourage them to write the answers:
- What is your name?
- Where do you live?
- What is your phone number?
Note: Remind them of the proper nouns and capitalization and describing words that they have learn and encourage them to use them.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask students to role play: one student has just joined the school, and the other is asking him/her some questions about the school.
- Use the follow-up activity to assess student`s progress. Ask them to look up questions given in their textbooks and identify the function.
- You can use this matching exercise for class text.
- For all ‘WH’ questions, encourage students to create their own questions and ask the rest of the class.
- Encourage students to use two kinds of ‘WH’ questions together, for example ‘what is in this big blue box? Who brought it here?
- Find the exercises related to this topic in the textbook.
- Students must do the exercise in their noterbooks.