Lesson Plan of Word Families

Lesson Plan of Word Families/Word Classes

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Organize vocabulary items learns in class and from the extended environment (including media) in a notebook, according to parts of speech and word family.

Information for Teachers

·         Word class or family is another name for the parts of speech.
·         In this lesson plan we will focus only on the following word classes/ parts of speech: nouns (naming word) verbs (action words/ Helping verbs), adjectives (describing words), adverb (of manner) and prepositions.
Word Families/Word Classes
·         As the children read, their vocabulary bank increases.
·         Vocabulary: it means list of words added and used for communication.
Word Families/Word Classes
·         Vocabulary can be organized in various ways: according to them subject, alphabetical order, etc. organizing vocabulary through word class is a better way since it helps in understanding the use of a particular word.
Word Families/Word Classes
·         The same word can be included in different word class e.g. ‘peel’ can be used as noun (skin of a fruit/vegetable) or as verb (to remove the peel of a fruit or vegetable).


·         It is recommended that the teacher maintains a set of vocabulary word class flashcards.
·         Old shoeboxes, envelops made of chart paper and hung on walls can be used to classify each word class.
·         The students should be encouraged to write new words on these chits/card board pieces and place them in the relevant pocket or box. Over the year, keep on adding to the list as the students learn new words.
·         The students can be asked to maintain a ‘My Word Book’ where they can list down new words learn t. This can be done at the back of their notebooks too.
·         It gives students a sense of achievement as they see their word bank increased.

Material / Resources

Chalks/markers, board, flashcards

Worm up activity

·         Ask the students the meaning of ‘treasure’ and what things are found in a treasure chest.
(Possible answers: gems/gold/jewels/something valuable). Relate it with any old story they may have read.
·         Tell them that today they are going to prepare a treasure of their own. A treasure of words which they will keep on adding to and soon they will have a rich vocabulary (make them excited and thrilled about it!) tell them that this is the only treasure that doesn’t end if they share it.
·         Ask them if they have learnt any new word during the last week. Give them chits of paper (this can be done as a group if there are more than 30 children in the class) and ask each one of them to write their word (groups can write theirs on one chit).


Activity 1

·         Ask the students to describe noun, verb, adverb, adjective and preposition.
·         Ask them to give examples for each.
·         Ask other students to listen carefully and make corrections.
·         Ask the students to work in pairs and think of an example for each word class/ word family. Then they are to ask their partner which word family it belongs to.
·         Teacher can walk around to support and correct the students if needed.

Activity 2

·         Give the students a sentence; for example, when the hot sun went down today, people were still looking tiredly for the naughty dog.
·         Ask the students if they can identify the nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions in this.
·         Make a table word classes and write noun, verb, adjectives, adverbs (of manner), preposition in the columns like this:
Action Verb
Adverb of manner
People, dog
Looking, went
Hot, naughty
Down, for
·         Ask the students to come up with sentences and to identify parts of speech in them.
·         Help the students where required.
·         The students should keep writing these words in the correct column.
·         Ask some other students to help if any student writes some word in a wrong column.

Activity 3

·         Divide the class into pairs and assign one chapter from the textbook that they have read.
·         Ask the groups to open their chapters, find and come up with different words from their notebooks (2 for each word class i.e. 2 nouns, 2 verbs, 2 adjectives, 2 adverbs and 2 preposition)
·         Once they are done with the words written in then notebook, ask the students to add one more word they have heard on TV, radio, etc.
·         Give each group pre-cut blank flashcards/chits of paper (2 “x 6”). Or ask them to write the words at using the backside of their notebooks.
·         Ask each group to write its word on the flashcard and write the word class on the backside of the flashcard. They could also use the back side of their notebooks.
·         Guide them to write it in clear bold writing so that it is easily read.
·         Monitor and help the students.
·         Correct the students and give your input where required.
·         Ask them to volunteer to read their word card/ word to the rest of the class.

Activity 4

·         Ask the students to copy the table given above (Activity 2) in their notebooks.
·         Ask them to make two columns. Ask the students to select write 10 words from the textbook and write them with their word class in the columns like this:
Sr. no.
Word class

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students to recall classes.
·         Ask them: What is a word class/ word family? Give examples for each.
·         Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. The students must do this exercise in the notebook or textbook.


·         Ask the students to exchange their work with the other groups and check each other’s work.
·         Tell them to encircle the words in the wrong word class.
·         Put the boxes or pockets with word class mentioned on the top. Ask each group to place their words in to the respective pocket or box.

Assessment Questions:

Q.1: Read the following sentences carefully. Fill in the columns by writing the words in the correct word family they belong to.
Ø  The boy ran hurriedly after the greedy dog.
Ø  The police man looked angrily towards me.
Ø  Alia loves red apples.
Ø  I will jump from the long ladder bravely.
Ø  Saad will go to school.
Action Verb
Adverb (of manner)

Follow up

·         Keep a few blank flashcards ready and at the end of each English lesson ask your students to add new vocabulary to the word bank
·         To role model this behavior, you should also bring words written on flashcards to class and drop them into the word bank box.


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