Lesson Planning of a Paragraph
Students` learning Outcomes
- Fill in the missing information to complete a simple paragraph.
Information for Teachers
A paragraph consists of some sentences which discuss one main idea (one paragraph has only one main idea).
- Every paragraph is consists of 5 sentences.
- Topic sentence = one sentence (main idea)
- Supporting sentences = three sentences (detail)
- Concluded sentence – one sentences (Conclusion)
- Every sentence begins with a capital letter.
- When filling missing information it is important to read the entire paragraph first.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where and when required.
- Just like words join together to make a sentence, sentences join together to make a paragraph.
Material / Resources
Writing board, marker, chalk, duster, textbook
Begin the lesson by writing one sentence and one short paragraph on the board.
- Ask the students: “Which one is a sentence and which one is a paragraph? What differences can you (students) see between the sentence and the paragraph?”
Write two short paragraphs on the board. One paragraph must have only one topic in it. The other paragraph must have only one topic in it. The other paragraph must be a collection of different sentences from different topics.
- Ask the students: Does a paragraph discuss one topic or many topics?
- Ask students to tell which one is a paragraph and which one is not paragraph (the one with sentences on different topics is not a paragraph).
- Encourage students to think and read sentences carefully. Help them if they find it difficult to differentiate.
- Tell the students that different words give us information and we can fill in missing information in a paragraph by reading the sentences carefully.
- Tell the students that they will do a fun activity in class (Missing information in paragraph) today.
- Divide the class into pairs.
- Write the following simple paragraphs and the word bank on the board.
- Ask the students to copy it in their notebooks. Tell the students that they must read the paragraph carefully to fill in the gaps.
- Ask them to complete the paragraph themselves by filling in the blanks.
- Tell the students that the text of the paragraph will help them know the missing words.
- Move around the class as students work in pairs. Help them understand the text where necessary.
- When all the pairs have finished their work, exchange each pair`s work with another pair. Ask them to check the work (each pair now has another pair`s work)
- In the end, go through the answers as a whole class activity.
- Discuss why each answer is the correct answer and what the textual clues are. Ask the students: “Why is it the correct answer?”
- 1. Hassan studies different _____ at school. After school he plays lots of sports. Hassan has seven ______ every day. On Monday mornings he learns about other countries in ______. Hassan`s favourite day at school is Friday. He _____ Fridays because he has a sports lesson. Hassan likes _____.
- 2. Hassan`s friend at school is Osman. Osman likes learning languages. His favourite subjects are ______ and Science. Osman doesn`t like ____, because he is not good at numbers.
- 3. After school Hassan and Osman _____ TV at home. Osman also ______ to music after school. They both do their _______ and go to bed at 9:30 P.M.
Some up / Conclusion
- Recap the lesson by asking the students: What is a good paragraph?
- How can we fill in the gaps in a paragraph?
- Does the paragraph give us clue to find missing words. Tell them: we can find the meaning of the new words in a paragraph, just like we filled in the gaps.
- Give students a short test after all the lessons on paragraph writing have been done.
- Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit / chapter.
- Select a story (you may use the sample story given in the lesson or choose a short story from the textbook or a storybook)
- Tell the students about the beginning of the story. Divide the students into groups of 3 or 4. Give each group a paragraph, from the story, with missing information and a word bank. When groups finish their work ask each group (in story order) to read aloud their paragraph.