Lesson Planning of Adverb Clause of Time
Students` Learning Outcomes
- By the end of this unit students will know about what is adverb clause of time?
Information for teachers
- A piece of speech that changes an adjective, verb, or another adverb is called an adverb.
- When the same function is performed by a clause, it is called an adverbial clause an adverbial clauses tells you how, when, where, why, to what extent, or under what conditions.
- Adverbial clauses perform the same function an adverb would do in a simple sentence. Clauses are also portion of a sentence and work for a purpose within that sentence. Adverbial clauses fulfill the same function that an adverb would fulfill in a simple sentence. These clauses give us information, for example, about the time, purpose or condition of the performance of the action communicated by the verb in the main sentence. Where is the adverb? What verb does it modify?
- Look at the
- Hassan will buy his plane ticket tomorrow.
- In the above
sentence “tomorrow” gives us the time of the action of the verb. It
tells us when Juan will buy his plane ticket. Since it gives us information
about the action of the verb, we call this type of word “adverb.”
Sometimes the tense (or the purpose, condition, etc.) of the action of the verb
in the main clause is given to us on the basis of another action. That is, an
action takes place before, after, or at the same time as another action. In
this case, the information would be communicated in an adverbial (time) clause
rather than in a single word.
- Hassan will buy his plane ticket when he has money. In this case, what part of the sentence gives us the time of the buying action?
- In the aboveexample, the time of the buy action is given by taking another action as a timereference. Instead of an adverb we have a clause that fulfills the samefunction as an adverb. It is an adverbial clause. The adverbial clause is
linked to the main one through an adverbial conjunction or nexus. Common ties
are: when, while, before, until, as, despite, unless, unless, if, provided,
provided, because, like, since, etc.
The Adverb Clauses of Time:
- The adverb Clauses of time in English are phrases that tell us when, at what moment, an action or a group of actions occurred. For example:
- She will not go to school until it stops raining / she will not go to school until it stops raining.
- In the sentence above, the main action is Go to school. But when is this action going to happen? Well, the action will occur until it stops raining. Therefore, the second part of the sentence (until it stops raining) is a Adverb clause of time
- It usually denotes: Time: These are make known to by subordinating conjunction like when, whereas, while, before, after, ere, till, until, since, as soon as, as;
- You can meet me when the class over.
- You can come whenever you like.
- He left while I was busy.
- He came before I could leave.
- He came after we had left.
- Do good ere you die?
- I waited for her till she return.
- Don`t leave this place until I come.
- I had not heard from him since he has left.
- He left as soon as I reached.