Common Consonants Clusters
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Pronounce with reasonable accuracy, common three consonant clusters in initial and final positions.
Information for Teachers
- All the letters of English Language besides vowels are called consonants.
- When we combine two or three consonants, they make a consonant cluster; cluster means group, bunch or collection.
- A consonant cluster in a word is a group of consonants with no vowels between them. The longest possible cluster in English is three consonant sounds at the start, such as ‘splash’, and four at the end, as in ‘twelfth’.
- Initial consonant clusters are the sounds that are found at the beginning of English words. They are called clusters because each of the sounds in a cluster can be heard, as; examples of common three consonant clusters in the beginning of a word are’ scr’, ‘spl,’ spr’, and ‘str’.
- Final consonant clusters are the sounds that are found at the end of English words, as; examples of common three consonant clusters in final position of a word are, as; ‘mps’, ‘nds’, ‘nts’, ‘pts’, and ‘fts’.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all the steps where it is required.
Writing board, chalk/marker, flash cards made by the teacher-(spring, spray, sprinkle, sprite), picture cards
- Write the following words on the writing board. For example three letter words (fly, cry, sky, bye).
- Words having consonant and vowel sounds in them are (tap, cap, pot, pet, sat, kin).
- Play with volume. Ask the students to say it in a louder voice, increasing volume or ask students to speak in a whisper, very quietly.
- Experiment with speed. ‘How fast can you say it?’, is building up speed like a train. Look at the board and tell me the difference and similarity in the list of words on the board. (three letters having one vowel and two consonant letters.)
- Ask the students to give examples of some consonant letters and the words having three letters only, and some words having consonant and vowels in them.
Sum up/ Conclusion
- Ask the students to give any other example of 3 consonant clusters (spr___) in initial position. (Answer have been given at the end of the lesson). Or any other correct response must be appreciated.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
- Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Teacher is also required to involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit/chapter.
- Assess the students through their responses in the class during the lesson by checking their pronunciation.
- Ask your family, look at the newspaper to find three new words ending with ‘nds’. Possible responses: A friend, ends, sounds, bends, lends lands.
- ‘spr’ consonants for activity 1 on initial position. Consonant Clusters : Sprains, sprang, sprat, sprawl, spread, springy, sprinkled, sprinkler ,etc.