Lesson Planning of Consonant Clusters

Common Consonants Clusters

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Pronounce with reasonable accuracy, common three consonant clusters in initial and final positions.

Information for Teachers

  • All the letters of English Language besides vowels are called consonants.
  • When we combine two or three consonants, they make a consonant cluster; cluster means group, bunch or collection.

Consonant Clusters

  • A consonant cluster in a word is a group of consonants with no vowels between them. The longest possible cluster in English is three consonant sounds at the start, such as ‘splash’, and four at the end, as in ‘twelfth’.
  • Initial consonant clusters are the sounds that are found at the beginning of English words. They are called clusters because each of the sounds in a cluster can be heard, as; examples of common three consonant clusters in the beginning of a word are’ scr’, ‘spl,’ spr’, and ‘str’.
  • Final consonant clusters are the sounds that are found at the end of English words, as; examples of common three consonant clusters in final position of a word are, as; ‘mps’, ‘nds’, ‘nts’, ‘pts’, and ‘fts’.
  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all the steps where it is required.

Material/ Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, flash cards made by the teacher-(spring, spray, sprinkle, sprite), picture cards


  • Write the following words on the writing board. For example three letter words (fly, cry, sky, bye).
  • Words having consonant and vowel sounds in them are (tap, cap, pot, pet, sat, kin).

Play Games:

  • Play with volume. Ask the students to say it in a louder voice, increasing volume or ask students to speak in a whisper, very quietly.
  • Experiment with speed. ‘How fast can you say it?’, is building up speed like a train. Look at the board and tell me the difference and similarity in the list of words on the board. (three letters having one vowel and two consonant letters.)
  • Ask the students to give examples of some consonant letters and the words having three letters only, and some words having consonant and vowels in them.



  • Show a picture of spring season and ask the students: as;
  1. Which season is this? Possible anger would be as; Spring.
  • Show a flashcard of ‘spray’ and get students to say which word is it and note their responses on the board. Read spray and sprite again and ask ‘What is the name of this drink? Possible answer would be as ‘Sprite’. Read the contrasting words. ‘Is it same or different? (same as it is having ‘spr’ letters –different as it has ‘ng’, ‘ry’, ‘te’ letters and vowels ;I; and ‘a’)
  • Ask the group to discuss for three minutes and write Words starting with ‘spr’ (possible responses have been given at the end of the lesson).
  • Let groups share ideas with other group members.
  • Record all the responses on the board.
  • Students practice the sounds by chanting/reading aloud using the list of words written on the board.
  • Introduce the idea of three cluster consonants in the initial position.(see information for teachers)



Activity 2

  • Write ‘nts’ on the board.
  • Ask the students to discuss in groups and give possible answers for the consonant cluster in final position.
  • Record their responses on the board.  Possible responses: ants, fonts, hints, hunts, pants, paints, tents, etc.
  • Point to the word and ask the students to read the word.
  • Ask the students to copy the words with ‘spr’ (initial consonant cluster), ‘nts’ (final consonant cluster) in their notebooks.
  • Students who have finished the written work can reinforce and read it again.


Sum up/ Conclusion

  • Ask the students to give any other example of 3 consonant clusters (spr___) in initial position. (Answer have been given at the end of the lesson). Or any other correct response must be appreciated.
  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
  • Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.


  • Teacher is also required to involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit/chapter.
  • Assess the students through their responses in the class during the lesson by checking their pronunciation.

Follow up

  • Ask your family, look at the newspaper to find three new words ending with ‘nds’. Possible responses: A friend, ends, sounds, bends, lends lands.
  • ‘spr’ consonants for activity 1 on initial position. Consonant Clusters : Sprains, sprang, sprat, sprawl, spread, springy, sprinkled, sprinkler ,etc.



Leave a Comment