Subject English

Grade 5th

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Recognize specific parts of words, including common inflectional endings, compound words and affixes.

Information for Teachers

  • An inflection is an addition;
  • To the beginning of a root / base word e.g. ‘re’, ‘im’, or ‘un’.
  • To the end of the word as such;  ‘s’, ‘es’, ‘ed’, ful, less.
  • Affix is a letter or group of letters which are added to the beginning or end of a word to make a new word.
  • When letters are added to the beginning of a root / base word to make a ew word we call them prefixes
  • When letters are added to the end of a root / base word to make a new word we call them suffixes.


  • Root word or base word is the main word on which inflection is done r to which we add prefixes or suffixes.

Inflections are used to:

  • Change words into plural form, or change the tense of the word (timing of the action), or
  • Make opposite words, or make new words.
  • So when two words join together to make a new word, so the new words is called a compound word.
  • This SLO is divided into two plans: Plan one will focus on prefixes and compound words.
  • Second lesson plan for the same SLO will focus on suffixes and practice of prefixes and suffixes.
  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

Material / Resources

  • Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, flashcards of compound words (e.g. card + holder, foot + ball, lunch + box). You can also bring these real objects in class, photocopies of worksheets for all students or make the worksheet on a chart paper and paste in class for the students to copy, make all flashcards for compound words like the sample given below:


  • Hold a lunch box in your hand and ask students to name it.
  • Paste the flash cards of lunchbox on the board and ask them why you have added a (+ sign in this word.
  • Write ‘writing board’ and ask them is it one word or two words? Students must reply ‘one’. Some of them could say it is a compound word as they have learnt this concept in previous classes.
  • After taking their feedback tell them briefly about the compound words. (Definition: so when two words join together to make a new word they are called compound words.)
  • Do the same practice with a few more words, e.g. teacup, cupcake, rainbow, etc.


Activity 1

  • Prepare flash cards of different root words, for example high, tea, multi, psych, tooth, rain, sun, some, water, butter.
  • Divide class into pairs.
  • Distribute one flash card per pair and ask them to make words from the given root words.
  • After taking their random feedback, ask a few students to use different words in their sentences orally.
  • Students will write the definition of compound words in their notebooks and will also write a few examples.

Activity 2

  • Tell the students that as plants have roots, the words in English language also have root words.
  • Recap students` knowledge of root words because they had learnt them in the precious class.
  • Explain to them that new words can be made by adding some letters to the beginning of the root words.  These letters are called prefixes. (Pre means before and fix means attached. So prefix is attached to a root word to make a new word).
  • Paste the flashcards or draw them on the board. (Flashcards for prefixes are given at the end of the plan).
  • Ask students to pronounce the words.
  • Students can make more words with each prefix. Don`t paste all the flash cards at the same time. Do the exercise first with the prefixes’, then ‘im’ and then ‘un’. (We can take help from the worksheet given at the end of the lesson).
  • Students will write the words in their notebooks and use these words in sentences.
  • Students can also do activity 2`s worksheet.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Ask students the function of the inflections / prefixes and definition of compound words. Give examples of words with prefixes.
  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
  • Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.


  • Assess students` understanding through responses and written work.
  • Involve the students in solving the problems give in the exercise at the end of unit / chapter in the textbook

Follow up

  • Ask the students to make 5 compound words and write them in their notebooks.
  • Write five words with prefixes as well.



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