Lesson Planning of Comprehension


Lesson Planning of Comprehension (Decoding & Understanding) what is heard /Read

Subject English

Grade 8th


Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Apply strategies to comprehend questions for appropriate response by marking key words, verbs and tenses in a variety of the following questions:
  1. Factual
  2. Personal response
  3. Interpretive

Information for Teachers


    Some types of questions which the students will face are;

  1. Factual

  2. Personal
  3. Interpretive
  • Questions based on facts are factual questions. They have simple straight forward answers, as;
  1. What are you doing?
  2. How is this done?
  3. What is the capital of Pakistan? Etc.
  • Personal response questions can have different answers depending on personal
    experiences, preferences and opinions and differ from person to person, as;
  1.  Who is the best cricket player?
  2. Which is the best weather?
  • An interpretive question can have more than one correct answer. However, the answer must be supported proof from the text, as;
  1.  Why was the main character of the story angry?
  • There will be some clues that can lead to this answer, e.g.
  1. A dialogue
  2. Action
  3. Description of the events


  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also use the textbook where and when required.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, notebooks


  • Recap the ‘wh’ question words with students in detail.
  • Ask and discuss their usage with the students.


Activity 1

  • Write the following questions on the board:
  1. What day is it today?
  2. What day was it yesterday?
  3. Who is the monitor of the class?
  4. Who is your best friend?
  5. What colour is the board?
  6. What is your favourite colour?
  7. Ask a few students to give answers.
  • Underline the verbs and exercise the questions words.
  • Ask what question words tell us and how this information helps us in answering questions more accurately (who = person, what = thing, when = time, where = place, why = reason / cause)
  • Focus their attention on the tense of the questions.
  • Now ask them to compare their answers with others for the following questions:
  1. Who is your best friend?
  2. What is your favourite colour?
  • There will be different answer since these questions require personal response and everybody has his / her own likes / dislikes and opinions.
  • Explain that there are some strategies which can be used to understand the questions easily and today they are going to learn that.


Activity 2


Activity 3

  • Ask the students to read the given text carefully and discuss in pairs.
  • Monitor and help the students while reading and discussing important points.
  • After some discussion ask the students to answer the questions given at the end of the passage.
  • Write answers of the some questions in front of the class and ask them to comprehend and answer other questions.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Conclude the lesson by asking them to tell what type of words are key words in a question.


  • Once the students have done the question answers, ask them to tell the answer.
  • Write the correct answers on the writing board and ask the students to note down the correct answers in their notebooks.
  • Appreciate the students on correct responses.

Follow up

  • Ask the students to find out two, two interpretative, factual and personal questions in their textbooks or from the newspaper and write down the responses in their notebooks. Also ask them to mark the key words of each questions.




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