LESSON PLANNING OF CONJUNCTIONS
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Demonstrate use of joining words learnt earlier.
Information for Teachers
- A conjunction is a word that joins two words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank, one sentence to another sentence. It shows information about time, reason, agreement, disagreement or order of events.
- Conjunctions: Conjunctions are the words that join words, groups of words, or sentences, e.g.
- She was sick and tired.
- Do you want to play football or hockey?
- We went to Islam Abad and saw the Faisal Mosque.
- Tea or coffee
- Rubber and pencil
- Groups of words: Football, hockey, cricket and badminton, Rose, sunflower or lotus.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, flashcards (apple or orange)
A conjunction (or a joining word) is a word which connects words, group of words or sentences.
- And is used to join or add words together in the sentence, e.g. they ate and drank.
- Or is used to show alternatives e.g. He will be here on Monday or Tuesday.
- But is used to show opposite or contrast e.g. she is small but strong.
- So is used to show result, e.g. I was tired so I went to sleep.
- Because is used to express reason, e.g. I watch T.V. becauseI like it.
- Ask the students:
- Tell two of their favorite fruit names?
- What are their two favorite indoor games?
- What outdoor game does they like the most?
- Write these sentences on the board and underline the conjunctions e.g. I like mangoes and oranges. I like to play badminton and cricket, etc.
- When students come up with the different answers, write their responses on the board.
- Make students stand with two conjunction. Ask the students to link their arms to show how conjunction is holding them together.
- Write the following exercise on the board.
- Ask the students to read aloud and finish the sentences using the given options.
- Once the students have completed the sentences individually then ask them to re-read them to check their answers.
- Choose the suitable conjunction to complete the sentences from the choice given below:
- Is the Shah Faisal Mosque in Lahore ________ Islamabad? (And, or, but, so)
- Is it a new car _________ an old one? (Or, and, so, but)
- Saud has not been to Karachi _____ he has been to Lahore. (And, but, so, or)
- It is very cold outside___________ I am going to put on warm clothes. (Although, and, until, so)
- I knew it was not my mistake _______ I kept quiet. (And, so, until, or)
- Explain the purpose / function of conjunctions.
- Write the following sentences on the board.
- Ask the students to copy the sentences in their notebooks.
- Tell them to work in pairs and join the following sentences into one using so or when. Don`t forget to remove the full stop and change the capital letter into small letter.
- Take rounds and help the students.
- Allow them to complete their work.
- Then ask them to tell the correct options.
- Ask the students to read the sentences using incorrect options.
- Check how it will not make sense.
- Ask the students to write a paragraph on ‘My favorite Season of the year’ or ‘What My Parents Like about Me’ using appropriate conjunctions.
- Guide and help the students while writing.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask the students to check each other’s work for the use of conjunctions, correct spelling, capitalization and punctuation.
- Ask the students to write the second draft in the light of the feedback given by the peers.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Ask the students:
- —-What are conjunctions?
- Ask them to complete the sentences by choosing the suitable option from the choices given next.
- Ask the students to find out five conjunctions from their notebooks.