Subject English

Grade 5th

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Demonstrate use of joining words learnt earlier.

Information for Teachers

  • A conjunction is a word that joins two words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank, one sentence to another sentence. It shows information about time, reason, agreement, disagreement or order of events.


  • Conjunctions: Conjunctions are the words that join words, groups of words, or sentences, e.g.



  • She was sick and tired.
  • Do you want to play football or hockey?
  • We went to Islam Abad and saw the Faisal Mosque.


  1. Tea or coffee
  2. Rubber and pencil
  • Groups of words: Football, hockey, cricket and badminton, Rose, sunflower or lotus.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, flashcards (apple or orange)


A conjunction (or a joining word) is a word which connects words, group of words or sentences.


  • And is used to join or add words together in the sentence, e.g. they ate and drank.
  • Or is used to show alternatives e.g. He will be here on Monday or Tuesday.
  • But is used to show opposite or contrast e.g. she is small but strong.
  • So is used to show result, e.g. I was tired so I went to sleep.
  • Because is used to express reason, e.g. I watch T.V. becauseI like it.


  • Ask the students:
  • Tell two of their favorite fruit names?
  • What are their two favorite indoor games?
  • What outdoor game does they like the most?
  • Write these sentences on the board and underline the conjunctions e.g. I like mangoes and oranges. I like to play badminton and cricket, etc.
  • When students come up with the different answers, write their responses on the board.
  • Make students stand with two conjunction. Ask the students to link their arms to show how conjunction is holding them together.
  • Write the following exercise on the board.
  • Ask the students to read aloud and finish the sentences using the given options.
  • Once the students have completed the sentences individually then ask them to re-read them to check their answers.
  • Choose the suitable conjunction to complete the sentences from the choice given below:


    1. Is the Shah Faisal Mosque in Lahore ________ Islamabad? (And, or, but, so)
    2. Is it a new car _________ an old one? (Or, and, so, but)
    3. Saud has not been to Karachi _____ he has been to Lahore. (And, but, so, or)
    4. It is very cold outside___________ I am going to put on warm clothes. (Although, and, until, so)
    5. I knew it was not my mistake _______ I kept quiet. (And, so, until, or)



Activity 1

  • Explain the purpose / function of conjunctions.


  • Write the following sentences on the board.
  • Ask the students to copy the sentences in their notebooks.


  • Tell them to work in pairs and join the following sentences into one using so or when. Don`t forget to remove the full stop and change the capital letter into small letter.
  • Take rounds and help the students.
  • Allow them to complete their work.
  • Then ask them to tell the correct options.
  • Ask the students to read the sentences using incorrect options.
  • Check how it will not make sense.

Activity 2

  • Ask the students to write a paragraph on ‘My favorite Season of the year’ or ‘What My Parents Like about Me’ using appropriate conjunctions.


  • Guide and help the students while writing.


Sum up / Conclusion

  • Ask the students to check each other’s work for the use of conjunctions, correct spelling, capitalization and punctuation.
  • Ask the students to write the second draft in the light of the feedback given by the peers.
  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.


  • Ask the students:
  • —-What are conjunctions?
  • Ask them to complete the sentences by choosing the suitable option from the choices given next.


Follow up

  • Ask the students to find out five conjunctions from their notebooks.








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