Lesson Planning of Sentences and Paragraphs


Lesson Planning of Constructing Sentences and Paragraphs

Subject English

Grade 2nd

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Identify paragraph as a graphical unit of expression.
  • Use the texts they read as model for their own writing.
  • Fill in the missing information to complete a simple paragraph.
  • Write a few simple, meaningful sentences, on a given topic

Information for Teachers

  • Students will write their own sentences towards the later part of the term. This is because earlier in the term we gave them tools that will help them to make sentences. These tools include: Naming words, action words, describing words, pronouns and preposition.

Sentences and Paragraphs

  • Facilitate the students in writing sentences by referring back to their previous learning on the above topics.
  • Set your speed according to your students` progress. Spend more time on any activity that your students are finding difficult.

Sentences and Paragraphs

  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

.Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, short texts on topics of interest to the students


  • Narrate a story to the students
  • Quiz them about the story.
  • Tell them that they have to now insert words in stories and then write their own stories.


Activity 1

  • Ask the students to look at the text written in paragraph form. Ask them to see the sentences in it put together.
  • Tell them all sentences in the paragraph tell about a single thing. That is how it as a meaningful unit of expression.
  • Ask the students to read a short text, encourage them to read it aloud and help them read a word by following the sounds if they are unable to read any word.
  • Select a text that is not more than 5-6 sentences/

Sample Text:

  • I lost my brown pen today. It was under the tree. I was playingthere. My mother found it at night. She gave it to me. I was happyto find my brown pen.
  • Now provide the same text with some words removed from it and replaced with blanks. The removed words are given at the top of the text. Ask students to fill in the blanks choosing the right word. Let them practice by taking cues from the model text.
  • This activity can be extended by removing the first text and encouraging students to fill in the blanks from the given word bank.

Activity 2

  • Brainstorm: Write the text from the last activity on the board.
  • Underline the words that were in the blanks.
  • Ask students to suggest which other words may be used in place of the underlined words.
  • Students can say the new options and you can put them on the board, as; instead of brown, we may use black, blue, pink, red, big, small, new, old, and instead of ‘tree’ we may say, chair, table, bed, pillow, and instead of ‘playing’ we my say sitting, sleeping, working, and instead of ‘mother’ we may say: father, brother, sister, friend, uncle, and instead of ‘happy’ we may say: excited.
  • Ask students to rewrite the paragraph, choosing any of the options they like.

Activity 3

  • Give students words to use in sentences of their own. Help them express an idea if they feel confused. Encourage them to make short and simple sentences.
  • Ask students to read their sentences aloud to the whole class, or to read them to the child sitting next to them.
  • Give positive feedback when children read out their work. Don`t point out mistakes at this point and try to Make corrections on the notebook.
  • Encourage students to listen to each other with respect and without making fun of each other.

Activity 4

  • Ask the students to read a descriptive text observing spaces, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. This may be on A Park, or a Corn Field. Choose a topic that they are familiar with. The text should not be more than 5-6 short and simple sentences.
  • Ask them to write on a similar topic.
  • Help them to gather ideas including describing words, naming words and action words by brainstorming.
  • Ask them to write a descriptive paragraph using the words they have come up with during the brainstorming activity.
  • Ask them to draw and colour pictures about their par.
  • Encourage them to share their writing with the whole class and / or to read it to the child sitting next to them.
  • Give positive feedback when children read out their work. Don`t point out mistakes at this point and make correction on the notebooks.
  • Encourage students to listen to each other with respect and without making fun of each other.


Conclusion / Sum up

  • Involve students to select an interesting topic. Tell students that they are going to write something about it.
  • Help them gather ideas by brainstorming.
  • Ask the students to write a few simple, meaningful sentences of their own using their selected ideas on the given topic.


  • The above activity may be used for assessment
  • Teacher is also required to involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at end of unit/chapter.

Follow up

  • Continue to give students practice in writing sentences on a given topic.

Give them the vocabulary they need for.

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