Lesson Planning of Adjectives


Lesson Planning of  Degrees of Adjectives

Subject English

Grade V

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Articulate, identify and use degrees of regular adjectives and irregular adjectives.

Information for Teachers

  • Adjectives have three degrees (1st, 2nd, 3rd) positive, comparative and superlative.
  • There are two types of degrees of adjectives: as;

Regular and irregular

  • Following are the examples of regular degrees of adjectives:
  • Following are some of the examples of irregular degrees of adjectives:

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, textbook, 4-5 pencils of different length, a tennis ball, a table tennis ball and a ball smaller than the table tennis ball, like playing marble


  • Show children a tennis ball.
  • Ask them if it is a big or small ball.
  • If they say it is small, show them the table tennis ball and ask about its size.
  • If they don`t answer, tell them that this one is smaller.
  • Repeat with the third ball or playing marble and introduce them to the word ‘smallest’.

Degrees of Adjectives

  • Write a few adjectives on the board; big, small, clean, dirty, good, bad, etc.


Activity 1

  • Pick up four or five real objects of the same kind.
  • For example, four or five pencils of different length. Ask the students how they would differentiate between the pencils, as;
  1. This is a long pencil.
  2. This pencil is longer than that.
  3. This is the longest pencil.


  • Using a few flashcards showing different characteristics of common objects, the teacher makes three sentences for three degrees of adjectives. The teacher may then show a list having the three degrees of adjectives in a tabular form.
  • Some other examples of such sort are given below: as;


Activity 2

  • Tell the students about adding ‘er’ with the adjective to form the comparative degree and add ‘est’ for forming superlative degree of the adjective for examples, as; old, older, oldest (for more examples see information for teachers or consult a grammar book)
  • After that tell them that the adjectives ending with ‘y’ are magic words. The ‘y’ changes into ‘I’ and then we add ‘er’ and ‘est’, as; happy, happier, and happiest.
  • Irregular Comparison: some adjectives are compared irregularly, i.e.  ‘Their’ comparatives and superlatives are not formed from the positive by adding ‘er’ and ‘est’. They don`t follow any pattern, so you have to memorize these or learn them by lots of practice.


Activity 3

  • Write the following sentences on the board.
  • Ask the students to work in pairs and complete the sentences by choosing the correct degree of the adjectives given in brackets.
  • Tell students that when ‘than’ is used, the comparative degree of the adjective is used such as in blanks 2 and 5 below:
  1. Ahsan is the __________ boy in our class. (tall, taller, tallest)
  2. The class test was ________ than we had expected. ( easy, easier, easiest)
  3. King Akbar was the _______ of the kings we have ever heard of. (wise, wiser, wisest)
  4. It is the ________ dress I have ever seen. (good, better, best)
  5. Ali is _______ than Ahmad. (short, shorter, shortest)


Activity 4

  • Write the following sentences on the writing board.
  1. Sara is a taller than Ali.
  2. This is the thinnest book in the library.
  3. Today`s weather is worse than yesterday`s.
  4. This is the oldest house in our street.
  5. My uniform is neater than yours.
  • Ask students to identify and articulate the degrees of adjectives found in these sentences.
  • Underline the adjectives when students have done this work.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Discuss about irregular comparisons (good, better, best), and the comparative/superlative degrees of the adjectives that end in ‘y’.

Degrees of Adjectives


  1. Ask the students to complete the following table individually.             
  • Involve the students in solving the problems related to adjectives given in the exercise of the textbook.

Follow up

  • The related activity in the textbook involving descriptions could be given as a follow up of this concept.
  • Continue to use different degrees of adjectives in your daily conversation with students and remind them of their usage, as; ‘Today it`s warmer than it was yesterday’.


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