Lesson Planning of  Degrees of Adjectives

Subject English

Students` Learning Outcomes

• Articulate, identify and use degrees of regular adjectives and irregular adjectives.

Information for Teachers

• Adjectives have three degrees (1st, 2nd, 3rd) positive, comparative and superlative.
• There are two types of degrees of adjectives: as;

Regular and irregular

• Following are the examples of regular degrees of adjectives:
• Following are some of the examples of irregular degrees of adjectives:

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, textbook, 4-5 pencils of different length, a tennis ball, a table tennis ball and a ball smaller than the table tennis ball, like playing marble

Introduction

• Show children a tennis ball.
• Ask them if it is a big or small ball.
• If they say it is small, show them the table tennis ball and ask about its size.
• If they don`t answer, tell them that this one is smaller.
• Repeat with the third ball or playing marble and introduce them to the word ‘smallest’.

• Write a few adjectives on the board; big, small, clean, dirty, good, bad, etc.

Development

 Activity 1 Pick up four or five real objects of the same kind. For example, four or five pencils of different length. Ask the students how they would differentiate between the pencils, as; This is a long pencil. This pencil is longer than that. This is the longest pencil.

• Using a few flashcards showing different characteristics of common objects, the teacher makes three sentences for three degrees of adjectives. The teacher may then show a list having the three degrees of adjectives in a tabular form.
• Some other examples of such sort are given below: as;

 Activity 2 Tell the students about adding ‘er’ with the adjective to form the comparative degree and add ‘est’ for forming superlative degree of the adjective for examples, as; old, older, oldest (for more examples see information for teachers or consult a grammar book) After that tell them that the adjectives ending with ‘y’ are magic words. The ‘y’ changes into ‘I’ and then we add ‘er’ and ‘est’, as; happy, happier, and happiest. Irregular Comparison: some adjectives are compared irregularly, i.e.  ‘Their’ comparatives and superlatives are not formed from the positive by adding ‘er’ and ‘est’. They don`t follow any pattern, so you have to memorize these or learn them by lots of practice.

 Activity 3 Write the following sentences on the board. Ask the students to work in pairs and complete the sentences by choosing the correct degree of the adjectives given in brackets. Tell students that when ‘than’ is used, the comparative degree of the adjective is used such as in blanks 2 and 5 below: Ahsan is the __________ boy in our class. (tall, taller, tallest) The class test was ________ than we had expected. ( easy, easier, easiest) King Akbar was the _______ of the kings we have ever heard of. (wise, wiser, wisest) It is the ________ dress I have ever seen. (good, better, best) Ali is _______ than Ahmad. (short, shorter, shortest)

 Activity 4 Write the following sentences on the writing board. Sara is a taller than Ali. This is the thinnest book in the library. Today`s weather is worse than yesterday`s. This is the oldest house in our street. My uniform is neater than yours. Ask students to identify and articulate the degrees of adjectives found in these sentences. Underline the adjectives when students have done this work.

Sum up / Conclusion

• Discuss about irregular comparisons (good, better, best), and the comparative/superlative degrees of the adjectives that end in ‘y’.

Assessment

1. Ask the students to complete the following table individually.
• Involve the students in solving the problems related to adjectives given in the exercise of the textbook.