Lesson Planning of Demonstrative Pronouns
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Identify and illustrate extended use of words that point to something.
Information for Teachers
- Demonstrative pronouns are used for pointing out something/some people that we are talking about.
- There are four demonstrative pronouns: as;
Which demonstrative pronoun to use depends on the number of things/people that we are talking about and whether the subject(s) is/are near to use?
Near to us
Not near to us
- For example:
- That is my book => Negative form: That isn`t my book.
- This is a fruit basket. => Negative form: This isn`t a fruit basket.
- These are dolls. => Negative form: These aren`t dolls.
- Those are Arum ad Farah. => Negative form: Those aren`t Arum and Farah.
- To change a statement into a question, we reverse the order of the demonstrative pronoun and the verb.
- For example:
- This is a paper bag. => Is this a paper bag?
- That is a locker. => Is that a locker?
- These are 5th grade students. => Are these 5th grade students?
- Those are boards. => Are those boards?
- In giving short answers to questions using demonstrative pronouns, we can use ‘it’ to replace ‘this’ and ‘that’; ‘they’ to replace ‘these’ and ‘those’.
- Demonstrative pronouns should be taught and practiced using the actions.
- Time allocation for activities can change as per need of the activity.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, textbook
- Write ‘this’, ‘these’, ‘that’, and ‘those’ on the writing board.
- Ask students to recall the use of these words.
- Ask students: as;
- If someone or something is placed close to you, which word is used to point to it? (This)
- If someone or something is placed at a distance from you, which word is used to point to it? (That)
- If there are many people or things placed near to you, which word is used to point to students (these).
- If there are many people or things placed far from you, which word is used to point to them. Those)
- Encourage the students with word like “good” or “well done” if they give correct answers. Reinforce the rules to use the demonstrative pronouns if they give incorrect answers.
- Show students how to form questions by using demonstrative pronouns reverse the order of the subject and the verb). First, write a statement on the writing board and then change the stamen into a question.
- For example:
- This is a clean shirt. Is this a clean shirt?
- Teach students how to answers questions with demonstrative pronouns based on the questions made by students.
- Teach students that we can use ‘it’ to replace ‘this’ and ‘that’.
- Teach students that we can use ‘they’ to replace ‘these’ and ‘those’.
- Walk around classroom, point to different students/items and asks questions, then ask students to provide answer.
- Write 5-8 sentences on the writing board depending on the time. (See the sample sentences at the end of the lesson plan)
- Ask students to choose one demonstrative pronoun to complete each sentence.
- Instruct the students that they must read each sentence carefully. They must see whether the noun in each sentence is singular or plural.
- Tell the students that in each sentence there is a hint to find the location of the subject.
- Help the students understand the meaning of each sentence while they are doing them.
- If time allows, go through the answers with the students after they have finished the class work.
- Students will do this work in their note books.
- (you can choose the sentences (statements) from the textbook.)
- Write tree sentences (statements) on the writing board and ask them to change the statements into questions. (see the sample sentences at the end of the lesson plan)
- Reinforce the rule to change a statement into a question while students are working. (see introduction)
- When students have changed the statements into questions, write three questions on the writing board. Ask students to write the answers of the questions using ‘it’ and ‘they’.
- Reinforce the rule to answer a question that was taught in the introduction.
- Provide further help to the students where necessary.
- Quickly revise the lesson by asking the students questions: as;
- What pronoun is used for people and things near to us?
- What pronoun is used for people and things far from us?
- Is “this” a singular or plural?
- Is “those” a singular or plural?
- Is the pronoun “it” used for singular nouns or plural nouns? Etc.
- Find the exercise related to the topic and the textbook.
- Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the text book.
- Assess students` ability to identify demonstrative pronouns through their correct responses during introduction.
- Assess students` ability to construct short questions using demonstrative pronouns and to give answers.
- Assess students` ability to use the demonstrative pronouns through the correct choices made during activity 1.
- Assess students` ability to use the pronoun ‘it’ as subject through their performance in the follow up activity.
- Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit /chapter of the textbook.
- Write 5 sentences using demonstrative pronouns on the writing board for students to copy in their notebooks. Ask them to rewrite the sentences by changing the statements into questions.
Sample ——Activity 1
Instructions: choose the pronoun in parenthesis ( ) to complete each sentence. Write the correct word on the line.