Lesson Planning of Descriptive Paragraphs

Students` learning Outcomes

  • Complete a simple paragraph, using the given words, phrases and sentences.
  • Write simple descriptive, narrative and expository paragraphs.

Information for Teachers

  • Descriptive Paragraph:  A Descriptive paragraph has sentences that present a description of a person, a place, a thing, an event, or an idea. Five senses are used to describe the person or thing.


  • Elements of a Descriptive Paragraph:  Information – descriptive paragraphs describe ideas and things, as well as inform about their functions;
  • Context (background / situation) – in descriptive paragraphs, information is always contextualized. The context in which information is presented is also subject to description.
  • Descriptive language – descriptive paragraphs use considerable amounts of vocabulary that describes action (verbs), as well as represents value and attributes of things (nouns, adverbs, and adjectives).
  • Note: Students will progress from writing simple sentences to a group of sentences known as a paragraph.
  • Help students in the process by providing guide words, phrases and sentences.
  • Reinforce that a phrase is a group of words that does not have a doing word (verb), and does n`t make complete sense e.g. in the garden, behind the tree, on the table.
  • A sentence is a group of words that is arranged so that it makes complete sense.
  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, the sentences can be written on different coloured strips of paper


  • Brainstorm with the students about cats or dogs and take down information to make sentences.


  1. I have a lovely white cat.
  2. It is very fond of milk.
  3. I love to climb tall trees.
  4. I have named my cat Mimi.


Activity 1

  • Take out sample sentence from the textbook.
  • Distribute one set of words to each group of students.
  • The following descriptions can also be used:


    1. My home,
    2.  My School,
    3. My Favorite Personality,
    4. Summer Season,
    5. My Family,
    6.  My Village,
    7.  My Best Friend and My Favorite Park
  • Ask the groups to arrange the pieces to form sentences.
  • Move around the class to see that all students are participating.
  • The first group to complete the task has been accurately completed.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Two or three groups come forward and share their responses aloud with the class. Ask students:
  • What is a descriptive paragraph? Give few examples;


  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.


  • Through students` oral feedback and written work determine whether they have been able to understand the connection between words, phrases, sentences and paragraphs. Provide further explanation if required.


Follow up

  • Write a paragraph of five sentences using the following words as your word bank:
    1. Park,
    2. Big trees,
    3. Many pretty flowers,
    4. On the swing,
    5. Running around,
    6. With the children,
    7. Very tired,
    8. And Home.







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