Lesson Planning of Dictionary and Glossary Skills
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Recognize alphabetical arrangement of words as a preparation for glossary or dictionary use.
Information for Teachers
- The students know the concept of dictionary and guided words from the previous lesson.
- They have also learnt alphabetical order in the previous lessons. Revise the two concepts with them as;
- A dictionary provides meanings to the words. Sometimes one meaning and at times as many meanings the word can have.
- With a dictionary, we can learn how to spell a word.
- All the dictionaries provide different meanings of the word. Dictionaries give us:
- Correct pronunciation
- Grammar usage (word form/ part of speech)
- Division of syllables
- Sometimes, a sample sentence is given to clarify usage / meaning.
- A dictionary has guide words. Guide words are found at the top of each page in the dictionary (some dictionaries place them on the far left and right of two facing pages. They tell the first and last words found on that page.
- You need to make them familiar with the alphabetical arrangement in this lesson, which will help them to use the dictionary and glossary.
- A Glossary is like a little dictionary in the back of a book. It tells about special words used in the book.
- A Glossary is an alphabetical list, of the different words in a text.
- Select simple words from the dictionary, you can also use the glossary from the textbook.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where it is required.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, chart, textbook or book from school library
- Give dictionary and glossary in different groups and ask the students to observe it carefully.
- Then ask the students to tell about guided words.
- Ask how the alphabetical order is important while using the dictionary and glossary. Ask them to explain with examples.
- Tell them that alphabetical order of first, second and third word is really important while using dictionary. There are many guide words which have the same first and second letter, so you have to check for the third word to find out the particular word.
- Tell the class that AAB will come before ABC and ABC comes before ACC and so on.
- Write five words on the board in boxes as shown below:
- Ask any student to come up to the board and arrange the words.
- He / she needs to write the numbers in the second row from 1 to 5 to arrange the above words in alphabetical order.
- Call more students if there are mistakes.
- Divide the class in groups according to the strength of your class.
- Give a piece of paper / chart to each group (half chart paper will be OK).
- If you have more than one dictionary, you should give one dictionary to each group. If you have only one, give it to the groups one by one.
- Write some words on the board. Ask the groups to resent their work.
- Appreciate the groups ‘work.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Conclude the lesson by discussing how to use dictionary.
- Ask the students the importance of alphabetical arrangement while using the dictionary or doing any other work.
- After the group work, ask the students one by one to come forward and ask him / her to find different words from the dictionary.
- Do related questions from the textbook.
- Ask the students to find different words from dictionary for other objects such as Science, Mathematics, etc.
- Encourage them to look up other words also that they see while they are looking for one word.