Lesson Planning of Digraphs, Trigraphs and Their Positions
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Articulate words containing digraphs, trigraphs and silent letters.
Information for Teachers
- Graph is a single letter that makes a single sound.
- Digraphs have two letters that make one sound.
- In digraphs, consonants or vowels and consonants join together to form a blend, which makes a single sound (phoneme), as; ‘p’ and ‘h’ combine to form ‘ph’, which make the /f/ sound (consonant digraph), ‘o’ and ‘u’ combine to form loud (vowel digraph), and ‘a’ and ‘w’ combine to form ‘saw’ (vowel-consonant blend).
- Digraphs can be used at the beginning (initial), middle or end (final) of a word.
- Some common vowel digraphs are, as; (‘oa’, ‘ow’, ‘ou’, ‘au’, ‘ee’. ‘ea’, ‘oo’, ‘ie’, ‘ue’, ‘ai’, ‘oi’, ‘oy’, ‘ay’, ‘ew’)(last three have consonants but sound as vowels).
- Trigraphs are a ‘phoneme’ which consists of three letters, as; ‘tch’ in catch, scratch, hatch, and match. ‘igh’ in night, sight, height, fight, and right.
- You must practice words with digraphs and trigraphs through the year in different lessons, whenever new words are taught.
- A list of words containing digraph is given at the end of the plan. It should be used throughout the year. This will help to improve vocabulary and pronunciation.
- In this lesson digraphs and trigraphs are focused.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, textbook, flash cards of graphs (letter that makes one sound), chart or poster of words with digraphs in the initial, middle, and final position(you can easily draw these pictures on a chart or make separate flashcards. Don`t cut these out. You can even bring some of these objects in class), or use the objects that are present in class e.g. three chairs or stools.
- Write the following words on the board, as; check, chunk, phone, shine, thin, crunch, fish, cloth, etc.
- Ask students to notice the digraphs at initials and ending positions and pronounce them.
Sum up/ Conclusion
- Write the following digraph and trigraphs words on the board, as; (splash, phone, chew, creep, sight, catch, and shell).
- Call some students to underline digraph and trigraphs in the given words in turn.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
- Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Assess students` understanding when they make words and pronounce them.
- Focus must be on proper pronunciation.
- Suggested words for spelling test next week, as; they, this, father, fish, dish, now, bow, chin, chum, these, slight, such, and church.
- Ask students to write the names of 5 objects and 5 animals, which contain the digraphs they have learnt in the lesson. Illustrate and color them if possible.
- You must practice words with these digraphs throughout the year in different lessons whenever new words are taught to improve students` vocabulary and pronunciation.