Lesson Planning of Drawing Horizontal and Vertical Lines
Subject Mathematics
Grade 4^{th}
Students` Learning Outcomes
 Recognize Horizontal and Vertical lines.
 Draw Vertical and Horizontal lines using setsquare.
Information for Teachers
 A vertical line is a straight line which makes right angle with horizontal line in upward or downward direction.
 Horizontal line is a line parallel to or in the plane of the horizon.
 Horizontal line makes right angle with vertical line.
 During this lesson teacher should also consult textbook and wherein and whenever it is required.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, geometry box, textbook
Introduction
 Stretch your arms on both sides and ask, “Do you know position of my arms?”
 Then introduce the term ‘Horizontal’. Similarly stretch your arms up and introduce the term ‘Vertical’.
 Ask students if they have seen the lines on the road and reinforce ‘Horizontal lines’.
 Elaborate that ‘A person standing erect as vertical, and a person lying down as horizontal.
 Tree represents vertical line and running of trains represents horizontal line.
 If you see the sky in the east on an early morning, enjoy the sight of the sun in an appeasing red colour and so in the evening wearing the same red robe again. But in the midday see the same sun flying us from vertically above our heads.
 Falling water from tap is an example of vertical lines. Crossing roads are example of vertical and horizontal lines.
Development
Activity 1

Sum up / Conclusion
 Straight upward or downward lines are vertical lines.
 A straight line along earth is horizontal line.
Assessment
 From figure, tell the name of horizontal and vertical lines.
 Prepare worksheet to asses two concepts together; it will raise their confidence in attempting questions.
 See the figure and tell the names of horizontal and vertical lines.
Follow up
 Assign questions from the textbook.
 Draw a window and colour the horizontal & vertical lines.