Lesson Planning of Elements of Story
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Identify the elements of a story.
- Beginning, middle, and end of a conflict.
- Human / animal, imaginary characters and their roles
Information for Teachers
- The teacher should be able to read out the story to the class using effective intonation and expression to capture the interest of the students.
- The purpose of a story is to entertain.
- Interesting characters and setting, a good beginning, middle and end the logical sequence of events /actions make the story interesting.
- Each story has a problem or conflict to solve.
- The characters of the story are the people/animals in the story which do all the actions. If the characters are animals and the story has a moral also stories are called fables.
- Dialogues are all the sentences/statements given to characters.
- Setting is the ‘place’ and ‘time’ when the story takes place.
- The beginning introduces characters, the setting and the problem of the story.
- In the middle, the problem is developed.
- The end tells how the problem is solved.
- Theme: it is the central idea of the story.
- The role-play will help students understand the story better so that they can attempt the written task easily.
- This plan must be conducted in two lessons. Do the introduction, activity 1 and activity 2 in lesson 1.
- Activity 3 & 4 will be done in lesson 2.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also use textbook at all steps wherein and whenever it is applicable.
- Any story from the textbook could also be used for teaching this lesson.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, textbook, the text of the story ‘The Hare and the Tortoise’ (attached at the end of the lesson plan), photocopied worksheets for all, flash cards of words (sample given)
- Ask the students if they are fond of listening to stories or reading them.
- Ask: as;
- Which are your favorite stories?
- How many of you now the story of ‘The Hare and the Tortoise?’
- Say that you will read out the story so that those who have never heard it many also know about it.
- What are characters?
- How many characters are there in the story?
- Name them. (They can be human characters or animal)
- What do different characters do in the story ‘The Hare and Tortoise’?
- Ask students the following questions: as;
- Where is the story taking place?
- What is the location of the story?
- When is the story happening?
- What is the time and place?
- When the students have answered the above questions correctly, tell them that this is called the setting of the story.
- Ask students what lesson they have learnt from the story. (moral)
- Ask students about their feelings for different characters and events of the story.
- Which characters did they like or dislike and why?
- Here while discussing reasons, thy must highlight the good and bad actions of the characters and their effect on the society.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask different students to read out different sections from their worksheet.
- Ask students to identify the different elements in the story.
- Ask students what was the problem in the story? (Expected answer would be as; the problem was that the hare was proud of his speed and he challenged the tortoise to have a race.)
- How was the problem resolved? (Expected answer would be as; (the Tortoise agreed to have a race and won due to his steadiness.
- Who were the main characters of the story? (Expected answer would be as; the main characters were the hare and the tortoise)
- Were there any minor characters in the story? If so who were they? (Expected answer would be as; the minor characters were: the jungle animals)
- Was there any moral in the story? If so what was it? (Expected answer would be as; the moral was slow and steady wins the race).
- What are the stories related to animals called? (Expected answer would be as; A fable)
- Where was the scene set? (Expected answer would be as; the scene was set in the jungle).
- How did the story end? (Expected answer would be as; the story ended with the tortoise becoming the winner and the hare losing the race).
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Assess students` understanding regularly through their responses (both verbal and written) in both lessons.
- Select a story from the textbook and assess the students` understanding by writing this on the writing board. Allow students to think and write the answers in the notebook.
- Fill in the details as you know about the characters and what is happening in the story.
- Or you can also use the following for formal assessment:
- Write the details about the story:
- Students must paste the worksheet in their notebooks. Ask students to read stories from the newspapers and keep a record of all the books or stories they read. Announce a prize for the student who reads the greatest number of books or stories in a month. Select one story from the newspaper. Identify the following in the story: beginning / middle and end of a conflict.