Lesson Planning of Expository Paragraph


Lesson Planning of Expository Paragraph

Subject English

Grade 3rd

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Write simple, expository paragraphs.

Information for Teachers

Expository Paragraph:

  • An expository paragraph is where we give information to explain something, give directions or instructions, or show how something works.

Expository Paragraph

  • Expository paragraph explains a topic or gives more information about it.
  • The paragraph must have a clear topic sentence, main body and conclusion.

Elements of Expository paragraph:

  • The opening sentences need to first identify the topic of the paragraph.
  • The body of the paragraph presents specific information that clarifies and provides examples of the topic.
  • A closing sentence:  that strongly confirms the topic of the paragraph.
  • It has transitional words such as; ‘next’, ‘again’, ‘later’, ‘first’, etc.
  • Topic sentence: It is the main sentence or idea around which the development of the paragraph takes place.
  • All paragraphs have an idea, the whole paragraph moves around the information related to that idea only.

Expository Paragraph

  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when required to do.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, worksheet, charts, textbook


  • Show a coloured picture of traffic lights. (You can make a chart using coloured paper) image of traffic light.


  • Discuss with the students what do the different colours mean. They can sing the nursery rhyme about traffic signals. (Red light, red light, what do you say?).
  • Green means ‘go’; yellow means slow down ‘start’; red means ‘stop’.
  • Explain that these colours can also be used to show the structure / model of a paragraph.
  • Use green as a signal to begin (the topic sentence). Yellow may be identified with the details and red should be the signal to stop (closing sentence)



Activity 1

  • Write the following paragraph on the writing board, using chalks of 3 colours.
  • Ask the students what they remember about paragraphs (structure, content).
  • Ask them how this paragraph is different from the narrative paragraph (the narrative paragraph tells a story. The expository paragraphs give information or explain a topic)
  • Ask the students why three different colours have been used (topic sentence, body and conclusion).
  • Also ask them to point out facts and opinions in the paragraph (first and last sentences are opinions)
  • Teacher must write the definition of the expository paragraph on the board. 
  • Ask the students to copy the definition in their notebooks with examples.

Activity 2

  • Write the following topics on pieces of paper and fold the pieces:


  • Put the folded paper in a basket / bowl / your hands / cap. Ask one student from each group to pick up one paper from the folded lot.
  • Ask the group to write a paragraph on the topic they have selected, each member participating in the activity.
  • Tell them they can explain the activity or give some information about it.
  • The paragraph must have a clear topic sentence, body and conclusion.


Sum up / Conclusion

  • Ask student to read out their paragraphs.
  • Ask each group to give feedback to other group:
    1. Which sentence was your favourite and why?
    2. What else would you add to this paragraph?
  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.


  • Give students a topic and ask them to write a paragraph explaining the topic. Paragraph must consist of five sentences at least.

Follow up

  • Rewrite the paragraph after making corrections.
  • Ask the students:
  • Write an expository paragraph on any other useful animal of their own choice.
  • My Dog


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