Lesson Planning of Expository Paragraph
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Write simple, expository paragraphs.
Information for Teachers
- An expository paragraph is where we give information to explain something, give directions or instructions, or show how something works.
- Expository paragraph explains a topic or gives more information about it.
- The paragraph must have a clear topic sentence, main body and conclusion.
Elements of Expository paragraph:
- The opening sentences need to first identify the topic of the paragraph.
- The body of the paragraph presents specific information that clarifies and provides examples of the topic.
- A closing sentence: that strongly confirms the topic of the paragraph.
- It has transitional words such as; ‘next’, ‘again’, ‘later’, ‘first’, etc.
- Topic sentence: It is the main sentence or idea around which the development of the paragraph takes place.
- All paragraphs have an idea, the whole paragraph moves around the information related to that idea only.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when required to do.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, worksheet, charts, textbook
- Show a coloured picture of traffic lights. (You can make a chart using coloured paper) image of traffic light.
- Discuss with the students what do the different colours mean. They can sing the nursery rhyme about traffic signals. (Red light, red light, what do you say?).
- Green means ‘go’; yellow means slow down ‘start’; red means ‘stop’.
- Explain that these colours can also be used to show the structure / model of a paragraph.
- Use green as a signal to begin (the topic sentence). Yellow may be identified with the details and red should be the signal to stop (closing sentence)
- Write the following paragraph on the writing board, using chalks of 3 colours.
- Ask the students what they remember about paragraphs (structure, content).
- Ask them how this paragraph is different from the narrative paragraph (the narrative paragraph tells a story. The expository paragraphs give information or explain a topic)
- Ask the students why three different colours have been used (topic sentence, body and conclusion).
- Also ask them to point out facts and opinions in the paragraph (first and last sentences are opinions)
- Teacher must write the definition of the expository paragraph on the board.
- Ask the students to copy the definition in their notebooks with examples.
- Write the following topics on pieces of paper and fold the pieces:
- Put the folded paper in a basket / bowl / your hands / cap. Ask one student from each group to pick up one paper from the folded lot.
- Ask the group to write a paragraph on the topic they have selected, each member participating in the activity.
- Tell them they can explain the activity or give some information about it.
- The paragraph must have a clear topic sentence, body and conclusion.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask student to read out their paragraphs.
- Ask each group to give feedback to other group:
- Which sentence was your favourite and why?
- What else would you add to this paragraph?
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Give students a topic and ask them to write a paragraph explaining the topic. Paragraph must consist of five sentences at least.
- Rewrite the paragraph after making corrections.
- Ask the students:
- Write an expository paragraph on any other useful animal of their own choice.
- My Dog