Lesson Planning of Expressions in Conversation in give and respond to simple instructions and directions
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Use appropriate expressions in conversation to request and respond to requests, give and respond to simple instructions and directions.
Information for Teachers
- Request is an act of asking for something politely or formally.
- There are different levels of politeness in making a request. You have to know them because they will help others to understand what you want to convey.
- For example: if you say ‘Would you mind fetching me some water?’, to your servant, it will look odd and he/she will be surprised. Also, when you want to ask something (pen for example) from a stranger, don`t say, ‘will you lend me your pen?’ as it will be rude and he/she will understand it as a command instead of a request.
- Hence, before you ask something see how close you are to the person and make the request in correct form.
- The following are some of the ways you can request something in English: as;
- Give me some money.
- Will you lend me some money, (please)?
- Can you lend me some money, (please)?
- Could you lend me some money?
- Do you think you could lend me some money?
- I wonder if you could lend me some money.
- Would you mind lending me some money?
- If you could lend me some money, I would be very grateful/ I would appreciate it.
- In the above list, the (1) is the least polite way of making a request and (8) is the most polite. They are arranged in the ascending order of politeness. The last form (8) is mostly used in writing generally not used in speaking.
- An instruction is detailed information telling how something should be done.
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, textbook
- Begin the lesson by asking a student: as;
- Ali/Numara, would you clean the board for me?
- Ask about five requests from students: as;
- Would you open the door for me?
- Could you lend me your pencil?
- Could you turn on the fan, please?
- Ask the class to try to remember what you just asked. If students remember only actual request such as ‘open the door’, ask them how you said it.
- Write all the words students say on the board. Then write the other words that they could not remember.
- Ask some students to make requests to you. Respond to students` request appropriately, as; could you please write that word again? Sure.
A and B
Sum up / Conclusion
- Conclude the lesson by asking students to share the new vocabulary that they learnt to respond to different requests.
- Ask students to make requests using the following: as;
- Can you______________________________________?
- Could you______________________________________?
- Will you____________________________________?
- Would you mind____________________________________?
- Give students five to seven sentences. Ask them to identify whether each sentence is a request or an instruction.
- Converse with your brother, sister or any other family member using appropriate expressions to: as;
- Request and respond to requests.
- Give and response to simple instructions and directions