Lesson Planning of Formulaic Expressions

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Identify and use previously learnt and more formulaic expressions for greetings and some routine courtesies according to the age, gender, and the status of addressee.

Information for Teachers

  • A fixed set of words used for a certain purpose is called a formulaic expression.
  • To express greetings, farewell, thanks or apologies, different formulaic expressions are used. Some examples are given below:
  1. Asalam –o-Alikum,
  2. Hi,
  3. Hello,
  4. Thank you,
  5. Thanks a lot,
  6. Sorry,
  7. Bye,
  8. Excuse me
  • Tell the students about the use and importance of thank you, thanks a lot, please, sorry, O.K., it`s my pleasure
  • Explain to them when these expressions are used in routine life they make your language livelier.
  • Use your facial expressions while teaching the above mentioned expressions.
  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where required.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, two chairs, a table, notebooks, pencils, eraser, textbook

  • Tell the students that today we will be doing a role play on how to greet the people. The role play will be performed on greeting the people when we meet them.
  • Ask them how they greet their friends and unknown people.
  • Tell them that they should greet their friends with excitement. They should greet the unknown people with respect and honor.

Activity 1

  • Ask one of the students to come forward, tell or show him the dialogues.
  • Then ask the students to help you out with this conversation. Both of you will be role playing.
  • Use your facial expressions, such as; smile on your face, direct eye contact with the addressee, etc.
  • Teacher: Assalam -o- Alikum.
  • Students: Walikum-us-Salam.
  • Teacher: How are you?
  • Student: I am fine. Thank you and what`s about you?
  • Teacher: I`m fine too.

Activity 2

  • Ask two volunteers to come forward; provide them with two chairs, a table, two pencils, notebooks and one eraser.
  • Give the following dialogues and ask them to act in front of the class.

Situation: (Two students are doing their classwork)

  • Aslam: May I use your eraser please?
  • Adnan: Yes, sure.
  • Aslam: Thank you. Do you have a ruler?
  • Adnan: Sorry, I don`t.

Activity 3

  • Ask students to write a dialogue between a doctor and a patient.
  • Ask them to work in pairs.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Tell the students that today they have learnt how to greet when they met the people.
  • Tell them that they have also learnt how the words ‘thank you’, ‘please’, and ‘sorry’ make our conversation polite.


  • Draw the following table on the board and ask the students to match the appropriate responses with the statements.

Lesson Planning of Formulaic Expressions

  • Responses have been matched for the convenience of the teacher.

Follow up

  • Ask the students to practice whatever they did in the class.
  • Remind the students to use these magic words in their routine life too.

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