# LESSON PLANNING OF FRACTIONS

LESSON PLANNING OF FRACTION IN NUMERICAL FORMS

Subject Mathematics

Students` Learning Outcomes

• Represent half, one third and quarter in numerical forms as ½, 1/3, ¼ etc.
• Shade the equal parts of a given figure to match a given fraction.

Information for Teachers • One half is written as ½ numerically.

• One third is written as 1/3 numerically.

• One fourth is written as ¼ numerically.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, card paper, textbook

Introduction

• Ask the students what is a fraction? (Expected answer would be as; dividing whole into equal parts)

• Draw the picture of bread on the board.
• If we divide bread in two equal parts so, each part is called “a half”

• If we divide bread in three equal parts, then each part is called “one third”.

• Similarly we can divide a piece of brad into 4, 5, and 6 …… equal parts respectively.

Development

Activity 1

• Divide the class into four groups.
• Distribute equal size rectangular card papers among the groups.
• Ask the groups to fold the card in half.
• Ask two groups to fold the paper in half length-wise and two groups width-wise.

• Ask the groups to open the card papers.

• Ask them in how many parts the card paper has been divided? (2)
• Are these parts equal? (Yes)
• Let us shade in its half portion.

• How we represent shaded part numerically?
• Write on the board:

•    Coloured parts
•    Total parts        = 1/2
• We represent it as ½

Activity 2

• Now ask the groups to again fold in the same way.
• Groups will double it length wise and width wise just like before.

• Ask the student to open their card papers.
• After unfolding they will find the lines like this.

• Now ask in how many parts the paper has been divided? (4)
• Is every part equal? (Yes)

• How will we represent the shaded part numerically?
• Write on the board: ¼

• We will read it as one-fourth.
• Explain to the students that one fourth or ¼ means one part out of four equal parts.
• Similarly one third or 1/3 means one part out of three equal parts.

Activity 3

• Distribute the following worksheet among the students and as them to shade the given fractions.

Sum up / Conclusion

• One half is represented as ½.

• One third is represented as 1/3.

• One fourth is represented as ¼.

Assessment

• Represent coloured parts in fraction.

• Draw rectangles and represent the following equivalent fractions.

• Ask the students to solve the questions given in their textbook