Subject Mathematics

Grade 2nd

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Represent half, one third and quarter in numerical forms as ½, 1/3, ¼ etc.
  • Shade the equal parts of a given figure to match a given fraction.

Information for Teachers

Fraction in Numerical Forms

  • One half is written as ½ numerically.


  • One third is written as 1/3 numerically.



  • One fourth is written as ¼ numerically.



Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, card paper, textbook


  • Ask the students what is a fraction? (Expected answer would be as; dividing whole into equal parts)


  • Draw the picture of bread on the board.
  • If we divide bread in two equal parts so, each part is called “a half”


  • If we divide bread in three equal parts, then each part is called “one third”.


  • Similarly we can divide a piece of brad into 4, 5, and 6 …… equal parts respectively.



Activity 1

  • Divide the class into four groups.
  • Distribute equal size rectangular card papers among the groups.
  • Ask the groups to fold the card in half.
  • Ask two groups to fold the paper in half length-wise and two groups width-wise.


  • Ask the groups to open the card papers.



  • Ask them in how many parts the card paper has been divided? (2)
  • Are these parts equal? (Yes)
  • Let us shade in its half portion.



  • How we represent shaded part numerically?
  • Write on the board:



  •    Coloured parts
  •    Total parts        = 1/2
  • We represent it as ½


Activity 2

  • Now ask the groups to again fold in the same way.
  • Groups will double it length wise and width wise just like before.


  • Ask the student to open their card papers.
  • After unfolding they will find the lines like this.



  • Now ask in how many parts the paper has been divided? (4)
  • Is every part equal? (Yes)
  • Shade one part.



  • How will we represent the shaded part numerically?
  • Write on the board: ¼



  • We will read it as one-fourth.
  • Explain to the students that one fourth or ¼ means one part out of four equal parts.
  • Similarly one third or 1/3 means one part out of three equal parts.



Activity 3

  • Distribute the following worksheet among the students and as them to shade the given fractions.


Sum up / Conclusion

  • One half is represented as ½.


  • One third is represented as 1/3.



  • One fourth is represented as ¼.




  • Represent coloured parts in fraction.


Follow up

  • Draw rectangles and represent the following equivalent fractions.


  • Ask the students to solve the questions given in their textbook





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