Lesson Planning of Fraction

Subject Mathematics

Grade 2^{nd}

Students` Learning Outcomes

- Recognize fraction as equal parts of a whole.
- Identify half, one third and quarter with the help of objects and figures (without writing ½ — —-, 1/3, ¼)

Information for Teachers

- A fraction is a part of a whole.

- A fraction is never bigger than the whole of itself.
- If we divide an object into two equal parts each part is called a half.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, charts, textbook, pictures

Introduction

- Ask the students if you have only one apple and two friends want to share the apple how would you divide it?

- Take their feedback and encourage them.
- Explain them that when you have only one apple and two friends want to share it then you will divide it in two equal parts, such as; 1 apple = 2 equal parts.
- Each part is called a “half”.
- Tell the students that today we are going to learn more about dividing whole into some equal parts.

Development

Activity 1

- Ask the students if we have a biscuit and we want to divide it into two equal parts.
- How can we represent one part?

- If we divide the biscuit into three equal parts, then, how will we represent it?
- Each part is called one third.

- If we divide the biscuit into four equal parts so, then how will we represent it?

Explain the students that when we divide anything into four equal parts each part is called “one fourth”.

Activity 2

- Draw a circle on the board.

- Divide the circle into 2 equal parts.

- Tell the students that one equal parts is called a half.
- Draw a rectangle on the board and divide it into 3 equal parts.
- Tell the students that each part is one third of the whole.
- Draw a circle on the board.
- Divide it into four equal parts.
- Tell the students that each part is one – fourth of the whole.

Activity 3

- Draw the following shapes on the board.

- Call students one by one to the board and ask them to colour one half of each picture.
- Explain the students that when we divide or cut anything into two equal parts.
- Each part is called “a half”.
- Make the following diagram on the board and explain students that when we divide anything into three equal parts each part is called “one third”.

- Draw the following diagram on the board.

- Explain the students that when we divide anything into four equal parts each part is called “one fourth”.

Sum up / Conclusion

- When we divide anything in 2 equal parts each part is a half of the whole.
- When we divide into 3 equal parts each part is one third of the whole.
- When we divide any shape in 4 equal parts each part is one fourth of the whole.

Assessment

- Draw the following shapes on the board and ask the students to write the name of the shaded portion.

Follow up

- Ask students to tick (√) those shape that represent equal parts.

- Ask the students to solve the questions given in their textbook.