Lesson Planning of Fractions (Proper and Improper )
Subject Mathematics
Grade 3^{rd}
Students` Learning Outcomes
 Differentiate between proper and improper fraction
Information for Teachers

An improper fraction is “top heavy” means, as; 8, 9, 16
4 3 8

An fraction is proper when nominator is smaller than denominator, as;
 3, 2, 8, 3
 6 4 16 8
 While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps wherein and whenever it is applicable.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, paper strips, fraction cards, fraction strips, box
Introduction
 Show different kinds of diagrams to the class.
 Ask them to tell the fraction of each diagram.
 Write the fraction on the board, as; 2, 3, 1, 5, 7, 3
4 3 2 4 5 6
 Ask students how each fraction is different from other.
 Explain if students finding difficulty.
 Use proper vocabulary e.g. Proper and Improper Fraction
Development
Approach
Group work, discussion, demonstration, activities
Activity 1

Activity 2

Activity 3

Sum up / Conclusion
 Sum up the lesson by asking following questions, as;
 What is the difference between proper and improper fraction?
 Ask any two examples of proper and improper fraction.
Assessment
 Give some fractions to students and ask them to separate proper fractions and improper fraction.
 Ask students to complete the sheet by writing fraction, and also circle improper fractions.
 Teacher is also required to involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit / chapter.
Follow up
 Ask students to write 10 examples of proper and improper fractions in their notebooks.
 Ask students to show any two proper and improper fraction through diagram.
