LESSON PLANNING OF FUNCTIONS OF CONJUNCTIONS
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Recognize function of more joining words such as for example, for instance and a paragraph, the following conjunctions can be used:
- Both the phrases can be used within a sentence. We can use for example or for instance before writing different items or list of things.
–I have visited many cities of Pakistan, for example, Murree, Islamabad, Karachi and Abbottabad.
–you need many things, for instance, warm clothes, a hand bag, a pair of shoes and a towel.
- Teacher can begin a new sentence with both the phrases. They are followed by a complete idea or sentences.(not a list of items)
- My father loves flowers, for example, roses, sunflowers, jasmine and lotus.
- Teacher can write the same sentence replacing the phrases for example with for instance.
- These phrases are followed by a comma.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook
- Introduce the concept and usage of ‘for example’, and ‘for instance’ to the students. For this use the sample sentences given in information for teachers.
- Tell the students that to give an example in a sentence and a paragraph, the following conjunctions can be used.
- Both the phrases can be used within a sentence. These phrases can be used before writing different items. (Or a list of things)
- Explain by using the examples given by students:
- I love to watch dramas on different channels, for instance, PTV, Hum TV and Geo TV.
- Tell the students that they can also begin a new sentence with both the phrases if they are followed by a complete idea (any event or incident) or sentences. (Not a list of items)
- My sister likes different colours, for example, red, green, blue and purple are her favourite colours.
- My uncle likes various sweet dishes, for instance zarda, kheer and firini etc.
- There are different kinds of clothes used by women, for example, lawn, cotton, silk and velvet.
- You can write the same sentence by replacing the phrase ‘for example’ with ‘for instance’.
- These phrases are followed by a comma.
- Divide the students into groups of four.
- Write the following sentences on the board and ask them to add ‘for example’ and ‘for instance’ at the right place in the sentences.
1. When I will go to Murree, I will bring things, ______ ear rings, shawls and some clothes.
2. Do you have anything to eat _______, chocolates, candies or chips?
3. I have met many famous people _______, Imran Khan and Wasim Akram.
4. I want to visit many countries ______, China, America and Canada.
5. Ahmed has studied many languages _______, Urdu, English, Punjabi, Sindhi and Chines.
- Help them where required.
- Construct some more sentences with the help of the students while using both the conjunctions.
- Remind them they can use both the phrases if there is a list of items mentioned in the sentence.
- They can also begin a new sentence if a complete idea has been introduced.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Give the students the following sentences and ask them to insert the phrases; ‘for example’ and ‘for instance’ at the right place individually.
- This activity can be marked.
–Anna likes different fruit strawberry, banana and mangoes.
–I know how to speak different languages Urdu, English and Punjabi.
–Ali has different hobbies collecting stamps, coins and gardening.
–Muslim rulers were brave and strong Tipu Sultan, Mahmoud Ghazvanid, and Muhammad Bin Qasim.
–Saad has to buy things from the market eggs, bread, biscuits and milk.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Repeat the use of ‘for example’ and ‘for instance’. Also tell the students that a comma always follow these phrases.
- Ask students to:
–Write 5 sentences where for example and for instance is followed by a complete idea.
–Write 5 sentences where for example and for instance is used before giving the list of items.
- Ask the students to make 3 sentences using ‘for example’ and three sentences using ‘for instance’.s