Students` Learning Outcomes
- Identify and use simple sentences that show instructions and commands.
Information for Teachers
- Command is used to tell somebody to do something.
- Instruction is detailed information on how to do something.
- Command tells us ‘What to do’ and instruction tells ‘how to do’.
- Instructions and commands are used to tell how to do something. The only difference between command and instruction is that command is used to give orders.
- Examples of commands can be:
Stop fighting, etc.
- Example of instructions can be: Open your book
Open your books at page 45,
Turn right from the corner of the street to reach the bank, etc.
- There is a very famous game in English, Simon says. It can be used for teaching the instructions.
Material / Resources
Chalks, writing board, chart papers and textbook
- Inform the students that they will play an interesting game.
- Make the whole class stand in a circle in the classroom (or on the ground).
- Then explain the game that if the teacher says: Touch your toes’ then the students do it.
- But if the teacher simply says ‘Touch your legs!’, then the students must not do it.
- Any student performing the direct command with no ‘Simon says’ is ‘out’ and must stand aside/not participate. The game continuous until most students is ‘out’.
- You can use the following sentences to carry on with the game:
Simon says: touch your legs,
Simon says: touch your arms,
Simon says: touch your ears, Touch your nose!
Simon says: Open your eyes,
Simon says: Open your hands,
Simon says: Shake your head,
Simon says: Shake your feet, Shake your hands! (If no-one can do it, all are out!)
- Ask the students to tell and act one by one all the commands they learnt through the game.
- Write on the board when the students tell.
- Ask the students to copy the commands in their notebooks and draw pictures for 3 of these at home.
- Write the instructions given in the table in wrong order on the board.
- Call some students and ask to follow the instructions (act out) while you read from the board. Then ask the following questions:
- What do you think these instructions mean?
- The list of instructions for brushing teeth at night has been given below:
- Brush teeth before going to bed.
- Brush teeth after breakfast.
- Put the tooth paste on the brush.
- Rinse your mouth.
- Wash your hands.
- Go to sleep.
- Ask the students what was wrong with the instructions about brushing teeth?
- Ask the students to number them in right order.
- Then ask to check the sequence from the chart paper.
- (Display a chart paper of the instructions for the classroom with related pictures)
- Draw and write this on the board.
- Help the students to read and explain the meaning of the instructions.
- Then let them do it on their own in their notebooks to follow the given instructions. Img
- Draw five green trees near the castle.
- Draw a yellow sun and two birds above the castle.
- Draw three clouds above the castle.
- Draw six windows in the castle.
- Draw a flag on the top middle of the castle.
- Think of a name for this castle and write it under the castle.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Discuss the simple and short commands the teacher can give to the students and the students can give to each other.
- Help them say the variety of commands in English.
- Ask the students to match the following columns and make instructions:
- Matching has been done for the conveniences of the teacher.
- Ask the students to find and share instructions and commands from their English book.
- Let the students play “Dadi says” with new commands for a few minutes every week/month.
- Make the students do role play for giving instructions as cook, teacher, etc.s