Lesson Planning of Keys / Legends

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Read simple keys / legends on picture maps.

Information for Teachers

Keys / Legends and Symbols in Maps
  • Maps can be drawn to represent a variety of information. The objects on a map are represented by symbols.
  • A symbol is a picture on the map that represents something in the real world. Understanding these symbols requires the use of a key.
  • Maps use a key, or legend, to explain the meaning of each of the symbols used in the map. These keys usually show a small picture of each of the symbols used on the map, along with a written description of the meaning of each of these symbols.

Keys / Legends and Symbols in Maps

  • Try to use easy words and basic signs/pictures which are easily understandable for the grade 3 students. Try to use familiar images which are widely used in everyday life.
  • Introduce/ reinforce the concept of prepositions (in front, at the back, near, next to, behind). Practice a few basic prepositions that specify location / place of things that specify location. Specify location / place of things of things. Explain: Preposition = PRE-POSITION.

Keys / Legends and Symbols in Maps

  • A preposition is a word with a noun or a pronoun to show how the person or thing denoted by the noun stands in relation to something else, as;
  1. There is a cow in the field.
  2. The girl is fond of music.
  • Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit / chapter in the textbook.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, classroom sample map


  • Begin the lesson by asking the students where different objects are placed in the classroom. E.g. where is the window? (Near the door)
  •  Where is the teacher`s chair? (In front of the class)
  • Where are the cupboards? (At the back)
  • Tell them about preposition words back, in front of, near that they use while answering questions.
  • Explain the concept of a picture map and tell them that they will be able to locate different positions on a picture map when they are able to read them properly.
  • Explain the concept of keys and legends to the class. Tell them that the legends and key describe the signs which are present on a picture map. Show them the following sample for their better understanding.


Activity 1

  • Divide the class in groups.
  • Divide the classroom picture maps (sample is attached at the end of the lesson) to each group.
  • The sample of the picture map has a table in the end which includes the keys and legends used in the map.
  • Tell them to read the legends from the picture map, saying what each represents.
  • Ask them to respond in complete sentences.


  • Ask them to locate themselves in the picture map and write their name on the position, where they are sitting in the class? Each group member will write his / her name.
  • Ask each group to draw one more thing from class in their sample maps, e.g. dustbin, soft board, desks, etc.
  • Each group will sow its drawing in the map to the whole class and its key in the table.
  • After they are done with that, ask them to locate their friends and the teacher in the map.

Activity 2

  • Divide the class in groups.
  • Ask them about different things in the playground.
  • Write the name of these things on the board. such as; cage, slide, swing, seesaw, roundabout, washrooms, water cooler, etc.


  • Ask each group to draw the picture map of their playground.
  • Tell them to show each and every detail of their playground in their map.
  • Ask them to add these details in legend table as well.
  • Ask each group to show their maps to the whole class and also tell about their key and legends.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Conclude the lesson by asking them about the legends and keys again.


  • Now divide the picture maps with the students` names to different students and ask them to check the work of the fellow students. This will help them to locate their class fellow on the picture map and will help them in revision of the lesson.
  • Involve the students in solving problems given in the exercise at the end of unit / chapter.

Follow up

  • Ask them to make a picture map of their room in their house and ask them to give that to their friend, the students will check each other`s. this will promote peer-assessment.




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