Lesson Planning of Long and Short Vowel Sounds
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Classify more words that begin with vowel sounds.
- Identify and pronounce long and short vowel sounds in minimal pairs.
Information for Teachers
- There are five vowels in English. They are: as; a, e, I, o, and u.
- Letter ‘a’ is pronounced as in apple, ‘e’ is pronounced as in egg, ‘I’ as in ink, ‘o’ as in orange and ‘u’ as in umbrella.
- Minimal pair: Minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases that different only in one sound in a word and have totally different meaning.
- Practicing minimal pairs can help students understand the small differences in pronunciation between one word and another.
- Minimal pairs are for vowels and consonants both. In this lesson focus is only on vowel minimal pairs.
Short and long vowel sounds
- You can conduct this lesson in one more period by reinforcing the concepts.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also use textbook.
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, 5 loose paper sheets for each group, pencils, notebooks, textbook
- Ask the students “What are vowel sounds?”
- Write the vowel sounds on the writing board and ask the students to tell some words starting with the vowels.
Sum up/ Conclusion
- Review the lesson by going through the list of words written on the writing board for long and short vowel sounds.
- Assess students` through their responses I the class in both lessons.
- Involve the students in solving the problems related to vowel sounds given in the exercise of the textbook.
Answer key: (Activity 1)
Long Vowel Sounds: treat, seat, scream, sheep, shoes, farm, horse bird
short Vowel Sounds: pin, box, lip, sun, chick, duck, ship, hat, foot, sock, cup, bed
- Ask students to cut and paste a paragraph from newspaper and color any 4 short vowel sounds in blue and long vowel sound words in red.