Modal Verbs


Lesson Plan of Modal Verbs –II

Subject English

Grade V

Students` Learning Outcomes


  • Illustrate use of can/can`t, may/mayn`t, and should/should n`t to express permission, prohibition, doubt, and obligation.

Information for Teachers

  • Modal verbs are those helping verbs which help to express the mood or manner in which the action is done are, as;

Modal Verb





Will you go to school?



Would you give me a table-tennis ball?



Shall I do the work?



You should work hard.



He can drive a car.


Ability/ requesting

He could do the sum.

Could you help me to do the sum?



He may come here today.

May I come in?

May you live long.



His statement might be true.

You might go to France for training.



It must be good.

You must`t do this.

You must obey your teachers.



You must not (must`t) run in the sun.



He need not go there.



I need not (need`t) want a book now.


Bold assertion/daring courage

I dare say you are a fool.

He dares to stand alone.


Afraid to do

I dare not (Daren`t) follow you.

 He dare not (Daren`t) do it.

Ought (to)

Moral obligation/suggestion

We ought to love neighbors.

This is really a good film; you ought to see it.

Used (to)


He used to walk early in the morning.


  • The SLO is achieved in two lessons. In this lesson ‘should’ and ‘shouldn`t’ will be focused.


Writing board, chalk/marker, textbook



  • The students studied the use of should/should not in grade 4. Therefore, revise the concept in the introduction.
  • Write a sentence on the writing board using “should”. E.g. students should speak English in the classroom.
  • Ask the students when should is used. If they give correct answer, Reinforce the use of should and should not with the help of examples written on a chart paper.


Activity 1

  • Ask the students to take out their notebooks.
  • Write the following sentences on the writing board and tell the class to fill in the blanks with should or should n`t.
  1. You _____________________ be selfish. (Should n`t)
  2. I don’t think you ______________ smoke. (Should)
  3. You are overweight. You ___________________ go on a balanced diet. (Should)
  4. The kids’ _____________________spend so much time in front of the television, (Should n`t)
  5. I think we ____________________ reserve our holidays in advance. (Should)
  6. Mehk ___________________________eat so many lollipops, It`s bad for our teeth. (Should n`t)
  7. They have a test tomorrow. They __________________ go to cinema. (Should n`t)
  8. What _____________I wear I have a party tonight? (Should)
  9. You ______________ speak to your mother like this. (Should n`t)
  10. Where _____________________ we park our car?
  • Guide the students wherein they need help.

Activity 2

  • Write ‘Playground Rules’ on the writing board.
  • Tell students to think and tell some playground rules. They must use ‘should’ and ‘should n`t’ in each rule.
  • Write one rule on the writing board for students` understanding. E.g. playground should be used by students to play.
  • Write rules on the writing board after taking their feedback.
  • Provide students with vocabulary where they need.
  • Tell the students to write in their notebooks the ‘Playground Rules’.
  • The teacher can devise classroom rules with students using should or should not.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Quickly revise with the students the situations in which should/should not is used.


  • Assess students` ability to demonstrate use of should /should not through their correct responses during introductions
  • Assess students` ability to use should/should not through the correct answers given in the activity 1 and the language produced during the activity 2.
  • Give students a written test in which they have to write five classroom rules for good behavior.
  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
  • Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.

Follow up

  • Write on the writing board ‘What should we do? ‘And ‘What should we not do?
  •  To keep our house clean, tell the students to write three suggestions on: What should we do to keep our house clean?”
  • Tell them to write two sentences on what they should not do to keep their house clean.





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