Lesson Planning of Modifiers (Transformer)
- By the end of this lesson the students will know about the word ‘modifier’.
- Information for Teachers
- Special stress has been given on the use of ‘ing-phrase + by / without, ‘ing / ed with in a clause’, ‘be + adj. + phrase’ and ‘be + adj. + verb’.
- Read the following sentences: as;
- Anyone can learn a foreign / second language by practicing it regularly and without doing any physical exercise. You can`t keep good health. Doing homework at the right time is a good habit. A flower in bloom is attractive to the eye. A growing child needs nutritious food. A sleeping lion cannot catch prey. Do not put your hand in boiling water; do not sit on a broken chair. The girl is nursing the wounded bird. They said goodbye to the deceased guest who came to visit them. We saw the men looking desperate.
- The words or phrases practicing, not doing, doing, blooming, growing, sleeping, boiling, broken, hurt, parted, and desperately looking are used here to modify nouns. These are called modifiers. These can be placed before or after nouns. Therefore, these are also called noun modifiers. There are two types of modifiers
- Modifying what precedes a noun is called a pre-modifier, like; a flower in bloom, a broken chair, etc.
- A modifier that follows a noun is called a post modifier, like; we saw the men looking desperate.
- Various types and uses of pre-modifiers are, like;
(i) Determinants as a pre-modifier, such as;
- Boys and girls walk side by side.
- Those and girls are very smart.
(ii) Default as pre-modifier, such as;
- All the boys were present in the class.
- Both books are out of print.
(iii) Present the participle (ing – participle) as a pre-modifier, like;
- A darkening sky can bring rain.
- Clouds bring rains for thirsty flowers (= thirst).
- A life of increasing work and diminishing leisure is the hallmark of modern civilization.
(iv) Past Participle (ed / en-participle) as a pre-modifier, like;
- The injured cat was limping.
- A burned child is afraid of fire.
- Ants eat their food stored in winter.
- The concerned man was unable to help the guests.
- After six deaths, it was turned into a haunted house.
(v) Adjectives as pre-modifiers, such as;
- A lazy man cannot be an early riser.
- A smart kid like you can’t do such a crazy job.
- A smart girl calculated the sum in a few minutes.
(vi) Noun of a Noun modifier, such as;
- The school principal paid a surprise visit.
- I’m going to my country house.
(vii) Nominal Compound, as a pre-modifier, such as;
- She is a record typist.
- Mark the wheat-producing countries on the map.
- Try to use this labor-saving method.
- A cheap house is not available at Islam A bad.
- Different types and uses of post- modifiers
There are different types of post-modifiers:
(i) Present the sentences of Participles as a post-modifier, such as;
- The students saw their teacher enter the classroom.
- I found an old woman standing at the door.
- I used to watch the flowering plant grow every day.
- We saw the beggar staring desperately.
- The student who works in the factory is very bright.
(ii) Phrases of the participant as a post modifier, such as;
- I saw a man injured in an accident.
- A tiger killed by a hunter has been left in the forest.
- He received money sent by his father.
- I have the letter written by you.
(iii) Infinitive expression “T” as a post-modifier, such as;
- Here is a chair to sit on.
- He has a nice bat to play with.
- Fatima was surprised to hear the news.
- I am the last man to leave the premises.
- Aslam was happy to know his s.s.c result.
(iv) Adjective sentences like Post-modifier, like;
- Mr. Ali has experience teaching English.
- Yesterday a man with a white beard came here.
- He is a man of great honor.
(v) Nominal compound as post-modifier, such as;
- You must know the Lahore bus lines.
(vi)Nominal clause, as appropriate, used as a position modifier, such as;
- The report that he was assassinated is true in spirit.
- Our hope of going home has turned out to be totally false.
(vii) Relative clause as post-modifier, such as;
- The boy who saved the girl is an explorer.
- This is the place where he was born.
- This is the pen that I lost yesterday.
- I want a car that I can drive
- Name modifier and header names
- Now we see that a name can be changed to: like;
(i) Words before the main noun — Subsequent modifiers.
(ii) Words after the main noun — Later modifier.
- Nominal group / group of names
- The whole group of words that have the main name with its modifier (s) is called a nominal group or group of names.