Lesson Planning of Number Operation (Multiplication & Division)
Subject Mathematics
Grade II
Students` Learning Outcomes
 Solve real life problems involving multiplication and division.
Information for Teachers
 Have the information of multiplication, multiplier and product.
 Multiplicand: Number to whom we want to multiply
 Multiplier: with which we multiply the number
 Product: result of multiplicand and multiplier, e.g. as;
 For multiplication, multiply unit first then tens
 Have the understanding for story and change this story into a mathematical statement.
 For division divide tens first then units
 While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps wherein and whenever it is applicable.
Introduction
Brain storming activity 1
 Ask the following questions
 Nadeem solves ‘5’ sums daily. How many sums will he solve in ‘3’ days?
 There are 5 fingers in one hand. How many fingers in ‘4’ hands?
 How many wheels do ‘4’ cars have?
 There were ‘16’ wheels of bicycle, how many bicycles were there?

Brain storming activity 2
 Divide the class in four groups
 Provide each group with 24 stones / match sticks
 Ask them to arrange in different groups as many you can and write arrangement
 Check their work

Development
Activity 1
 Tell the story to the students.
 “Some friends came to see Ali at his home. Ali`s mother asked him to bring 4 packets of biscuits, if the cost of one packet is Rs 25 then how much did Ali pay to the shopkeeper?”
 Ask the student to read the story carefully and will ask the following question to convert and solve story into mathematical statement.
 Who came to see Ali? ( Expected answer would be as; His friends)
 Where did they come? ( Expected answer would be as; at Ali`s home)
 How many packets of biscuits did Ali buy? ( Expected answer would be as; 4 packets)
 What is the price of one packet? ( Expected answer would be as; Rs 25)
 What we have to find? ( Expected answer would be as; cost of 4 packets)
 How will you find total cost? ( Expected answer would be as; by adding ‘25’ four times)
 Ask one student to solve on the board.
 Price of one packet = Rs 25
 Cost of 4 packets = (25+25+25+25=100 Rs)
 Help the students to convert / solve.
 4 packets of Rs 25 or 4 groups of 25 Rs or 4 x 25 Rs
 He will say we can solve it as;
 First multiply units or will solve with the help of students (e.g. 4 x 5 – 5 x 4 =20)^{2}25 ^{2}25
 x 4
 100
 Rs 20 = 2 groups of tens
 Then multiply tens (e.g. with match sticks makes bundles of ten)
 Total spent = Rs 100

Activity 2
 Divide the class in ‘4’ groups
 Provide each group with a story and ask them to understand and solve with stones making group.
 “There are ‘40’ students in a class. The teacher wants to perform an activity. he/she asks one of the student (Zara / Ahmad) to arrange them in groups of ‘5’, how many groups will be their”
 Facilitate them to solve the problem
 Ask one of the students to present their work on the board, if students are unable to solve you will solve with their help.
 or
 The group which finishes the activity first will be the winner.

Sum up / Conclusion
 Ask what you have learnt from today`s discussion.
Assessment
 What you have information of multiplicand, multiplier and product?
Follow up
 How will you find total sum of different amount?