Lesson Planning of Ordinal Numbers
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Write ordinal numbers.
Information for Teachers
- When objects are placed in order, we use ordinal numbers to tell their position, i.e. first (1st) second, (2nd). This concept is helpful in descriptive writing and everyday language use e.g. making lists.
Ordinal numbers can be used for both people and objects, e.g. ‘first runner’ or ‘third table / third chair in the row’.
- Except 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, “th” is added for every number to form ordinal number spellings and words. The yellow table is given you reference. Learn the spelling paste this table in the class.
- Ordinal numbers are added to all the numbers. This lesson plan focuses on first ten numbers then teaches them more till hundred.
- TIP “ordinal” tell you in what “order” things are?
- Tell the students that the order of the number is written in small font above the letter, e.g. 8th not 8th
- Cardinal Number: Cardinal numbers are that are only used for counting and are usually called counting numbers. Cardinals are the numbers that are used to determine how many of something there is or the quantity. If you want to know how many of something there is then you have to count them and that is where the cardinal numbers come in.
- The lowest cardinal number is one. Zero is not a cardinal number as to count how many of something you have , you have to have something in the first place.
- Students should have done number spellings of cardinal number (one to twenty and all the tens, i.e. twenty, thirty etc. up to ninety) before doing this lesson.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where it is required.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, scotch tape, textbook
- Paste / write/ draw the following information about ordinal numbers and the picture on the board.
- (An Ordinal Number is a number that tell the position of something in a list, such as; 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, etc.
- Introduce the topic by telling the students that today they will learn about ordinal numbers (i.e. numbers that tell us the position of people and things)
- Brainstorm for everyday examples where ordinal numbers are used. Ask the students to tell about the things/people where we make lists. (Expected answer would be as; Result, sports, items, on a list, seating in the lass, order of the lines at assembly time.)
- Ask the students following questions:
- Who came first in the previous test?
- Who won the race?
- Who came second?
- Call three students who got the first three positions in their previous test.
- Make them stand in the order of their positions: 1st, 2nd, & 3rd.
- Make them stand in wrong order, have them help each other line up in the right order.
- Write the order on the boar. Be careful to tell them about the order written above the number, e.g. 1st not 1 st s
- They have to use the ordinal words. For example, one student can tell the next, “You are third” or “I am first”.
- Write the words, ‘first’, ‘second’, ‘third’ on the writing board and practice the spellings with the students.
- Ask the students to copy these words in their notebooks.
Write the ordinal numbers in words from fourth to tenth.
- Encourage the student to find out what is similar in spellings. (Expected answer would be as; “th” is added to every number after three for example five-fifth-eight-eighth, nine-ninth.
- All the students write the ordinal numbers in words (e.g. ninth) and numbers (e.g. 9th) in their notebooks. (They must also copy the table from the board)
- Tell the students that when we write these positions in numbers we write them like this. (take help from the table above and write the ordinal numbers e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th etc.)
Do the exercise about this topic given in the textbook.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Take dictation of ordinal numbers.
- When you have finished the dictation, ask the students to check each other`s work and give marks.
- Take a round in the class and ask every student about their score.
- Make the first; second and third witness stand and whole class clap to them.
- Take a short quiz of students by asking them questions about position of his /her students sitting in the class, e.g. “Who is sitting on the 5th desk in the 1st row?” etc.
- Ask the students to write ordinal numbers from “one to ten” in their notebooks with correct spellings.
- Ask the students to try to write ordinal numbers from 11 to 20. Check their work and guide them.