LESSON PLANNING OF PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Recognize specific parts of words, including common inflectional endings, compound words and affixes.
Information for Teachers
- This lesson is a continuation of the previous lesson about compound words and prefixes.
- In this lesson we will focus on suffixes separately and practice an exercise on affixes.
- Affixes: prefixes and suffixes together are called affixes.
- When letters are added at the beginning of a root word to make a new word we call it prefix, such as;
- When letters are added to the end of a root / base word to make a new word we call them suffixes, as such;
- Root word or base word is the main word on which inflection is done or to which we add prefixes or suffixes.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, flashcards of root words and suffixes
- Sample flashcards have been given at the end of lesson plan.
- Arrange photocopies of worksheets for all the students or make the worksheets on the paper and paste in the class.
- Make all flashcards like the sample made above.
- Hold a pencil in your hand and ask students, ‘What am I holding?’
- Write the word ‘pencil’ on the board.
- Hold another pencil in your hand and repeat the question.
- Write ‘pencils’ on the board in coloured chalk against the word ‘pencil’.
- Ask a student to jump in the class.
- Write the word jump on the board.
- Ask the students, ‘What did he do? Or ‘What was he doing?’ expected answer would be as; he jumped or he was jumping. Write the words ‘jumping’ and ‘jumped’ against the word jump on the writing board.
- Underline ‘ing’ in jumping word and ‘ed’ in jumped word with coloured chalk.
- Inform the class that new words can be made by adding some letters at the END of the root words. These letters are called suffixes.
- Ask them to give a few examples of such type of words.
- Paste the flashcards on the board. (Flashcards for suffixes are given at the end of the plan).
- Ask the students to pronounce the words.
- Teach the students that some root words will change spelling when a suffix is added to them e.g. beauty + full = beautiful.
- Teach them that the last ‘l’ of ‘full’ runs away when it is added to a root word such as; beautiful.
- Students will write more words in their notebooks.
- Students can do the following worksheet for further reinforcement.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask students the function of the inflections / suffixes and definition of compound words. Why do we add ‘s’, ‘es’, ‘ed’ and ‘ing’ at the end of words? Give some suffixes and their root words.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook
- Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook
- Ask them to give 10 examples of suffixes and prefixes.
- Assess students` understanding through responses and written work.
- Involve the students in solving problems given in the exercise at the end of unit / chapter of the textbook
- In your notebooks write, five actions you did in the evening (words ending in ‘ed’,’ ing’) underline the root word and circle the inflection in each action.
- Find things from your house (words ending in‘s’ and ‘es’). Underline and identify the root word and circle the inflection in each action.
- Write five words with suffixes.