Lesson Planning of Prepositional Phrases


Lesson Planning of Prepositional Phrases

Subject English

Grade 6th

Students’` Learning Outcomes

  • Use some prepositional phrases.

Information for Teachers

  • Read the following sentences:
  1. (i)  (A) He is ill. (b) He still works.
  2. (ii) In spite of his illness, he works.
  3. (iii) (a) He made a promise. (b) He kept it also.
  4. (iv) Besides making a promise, he kept it.

Prepositional Phrases

  • In sentence (ii) ‘in spite of’ and in sentence (IV) ‘besides making’ are groups of words beginning with a Prepositional Phrase and act as a unit other than a Noun Phrase, an Adjective Phrase or Adverb Phrase. Such Phrases are called Prepositional Phrases.
  • Prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition. It tells where or when an action takes place.
  • Note: that the prepositional phrase contains no verbs. Generally, they contain a gerund. The noun or pronoun is the object of the preposition e.g. in the air, on the bus, against the wall, through the pipe.
  • Note: Some Adjective Phrases and Adverbial Phrase also begin with a Preposition. But such an adjective Phrase qualifies a noun and such an Adverb Phrase modifies a verb, Adjective or another Adverb, while a purely Prepositional Phrase keeps its main force on Preposition construction. However, in a broader sense, Prepositional Phrases include Adjective Phrase beginning with a Preposition, Adverb Phrase beginning with a Preposition and a purely Prepositional Phrase with its main force on Preposition.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, pointer, textbook


Brainstorming about the prepositions:

  •  Now draw the concept map on the board and explain it to the students. (see in information for teachers)


Activity 1

  • Recap the difference between a phrase and a sentence.
  • Write the following sentence on the board and ask the students to pick out the prepositional phrases from them. (The prepositional phrases have been underlined for the help of teacher)
  1. The child saw a fairy in his dream.
  2. The students were in their bright uniforms.
  3. He writes the sentence on the board.

Activity 2

  • Ask the students to find the meanings of the following phrases from the dictionary and then use any five of them in their sentences.
  1. On the wall, against the wall, above the wall, along the wall
  2. In the book, about the book, by the book, on the book

Conclusion / Sum up

  • Conclude the lesson by summing up the concept of prepositional phrases.
  • Ask students to construct sentences changing the preposition, while keeping the subject and object same. Discuss how the meaning has changed, as;
  1. The car was going under the bridge.
  2. The car was going near the bridge
  3. The car was going over the bridge


  • Ask the following questions from the class; as;
  1. What is a phrase?
  2. How is it different from a sentence?
  3. What is a prepositional phrase?

Follow up

  • Ask the students to find out the meanings of the following prepositional phrases from the dictionary:
  1. Out of the box
  2. In for it
  3. On the run
  4. Out of the hand

Answer key of Follow up activity:

  1. To do something differently
  2. To be in favour of something
  3. To escape
  4. Hard to control



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