Lesson Planning of Prepositions (Position, Time, Movement and Direction)
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Illustrate use of preposition of position, time, and movement and direction.
Information for Teachers
- Preposition tell the position of a noun, as; (on, in, out, behind, under), as;
- The book is on the table.
- The book is in the bag.
- The book is behind the bag.
- The book is on the table, so, as;
- A word or a group of words used before a noun or pronoun to show place, position, time or method is called, ‘preposition’, as;
- Place of Preposition: Preposition can be used before, after or any required place of the sentence, as;
- The man on the platform
- Came after dinner
- What did you do it for?
- The pen is in the table.
- The cat is under the table.
- The pen is above the table
- He lives near us
- Ali came with me
- From where did you get the poster?
- Preposition of Time: The Prepositions of time are on, in, at, for, since, from, to, during etc.
- On: we use on with the dates and days, as;
- On 3rd March, 2021, on Sunday, oneid- day
- In: We use in for longer periods of time, as;
- In April, in 2020, in summer, in the 19thcentury
- At: We use at with times, as;
- At 5 o`clock, at 12:30, at mid-night
- For: We use for to show a period of time expressing duration, as;
- For five years, for a week, He has been watching TV for two hours
- Since: We use since to show a starting time or a specific time of a verb, as;
- Since July, since 1996, since 6 o`clock, it has been raining since two hours.
- From to: We use from-to to show beginning and end of a period, as;
- I worked from 3:00 p.m., to 5:00 p.m.
- During: We use during to show the noun when something happens, as;
- He fell asleep during the drama.
- Preposition of Movement:The preposition of movement are to, though, across, in, an, as;
- To: We use ‘to’ to show movement with the aim of a specific destination, as;
- He moved to America last year.
- I went to the shop.
- Through: We use through to show movement from one side of an enclosed space to the other, as;
- The train went through the tunnel.
- Across: We use across to show movement from one side of a surface or line to another, as; she swam across the river.
- At: We use at to show the target of an action, as; he came at my birthday party.
- In: We use in to show the target of an action, as;
- I threw the paper in the bin.
- More Preposition of Movement: as;
- He ran across the road.
- He ran along the road.
- He ran around the playground.
- He ran back to the shop.
- He ran into the room.
- He ran out of the theater.
- He ran through the tunnel.
- He ran off the stage.
- He ran to the door.
- He ran towards the bus stop.
- He ran under the shelter.
- He ran up the hill.
- He ran away from the policeman.
- He ran over the bridge.
- Preposition of Direction: The preposition of direction shows where or in which direction something moves, as;
- The ball is in the box.
- The ball is on the table.
- The ball is under the table.
- The ball passed through the box.
- The fan is over the chair.
- She took her ring out of her bag.
- The dog fell into the river.
- The ball rolled down the hill.
- The hikers walked up the hill.
- He sent a message to his mother.
- He cycled from home to shop.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, textbook
- Recall the concepts of prepositions through brainstorming.
- Place the duster or a pencil somewhere in the classroom where every student can see it, as; place it on the table and write the following fill in the blanks on the writing board.
- The duster is _______________ the table.
- Ask the students to fill in the blanks with an appropriate preposition.
- Place it under the table and ask the students to fill in the blank.
- The duster is ____________ the table.
- Use more examples and ask the students.
- Conclude the lesson by again repeating the concept of preposition for the class.
- Assess students` performance on the last three activities.
- Ask the students to find out at least five prepositions from any selected paragraph from their textbook and use them in their own sentences.