Lesson Planning of Problems in Consonants


Lesson Planning of Problems in Consonants

Subject English

Grade 3rd

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Pronounce in minimal pairs, common problems in consonants for speakers of English.

Information for Teachers

  • There are five vowels in English language. They are: a, e, i, o, and u. rest of the English letters are consonants.
  • Minimal pairs: Minimal pairs are pairs of words that different only in one sound in a word and have totally different meanings.


  • Use of the minimal pairs helps the students recognize the minor difference between English muted (silent) vowel sounds / consonant sound that can greatly help not only in pronunciation skills, but also comprehension.
  • Problems in consonants for Pakistani speaker of English: students have difficulty in distinguishing between two similar sounds like I and r, p, and b, s, and z, and their meanings.



  • Practicing minimal pairs can help the students understand the minute differences in pronunciation between one word and another.
  • Minimal pairs are for vowels and consonants both. In this lesson, focus is only on consonant minimal pairs.



  • Revise what is taught in the earlier lesson of minimal pairs.
  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where it is required.


Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk /marker, duster, worksheet, charts, textbook


  • Recap the vowel letters of English language (Expected answer would be as; a, e, i, o, u)
  • Ask the students what the rest of the letters are called? (Expected answer would be as; Consonants)
  • Introduce the idea of ‘minimal pairs” by writing a list given in the table on the writing board.
  • Pronounce the words and ask the students to listen carefully.
  • Ask the students to practice the sounds by reading aloud the words written on the writing board.
  • Ask the students to repeat the sounds after you. Starting with all the ‘I’ sounds, then all the ‘r’ sounds, and then compare the two similar words (e.g. light, right).
  • Tell the students these words are a little difficult as they differ by one sound only.
  • Call few students to the board and ask them to pronounce the words. Other students make corrections.


Activity 1

  • Practice the worksheet of minimal pairs with the students, with correct pronunciation. image


  • Divide the class in pairs. Ask them to practice pronouncing minimal pairs with their pairs.


Activity 2

  • Draw two columns on the writing board. Write ‘A’ on the top of the first and ‘B’ on the top of the second column.


  • Write some problem consonants in minimal pairs, e.g.


  • Pronounce a word aloud and ask the students which column the word belongs to.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Tell the students that they have learnt to pronounce minimal pairs.
  • Ask them to give you examples.


  • Assess the students through their responses in the class during teh lessons by checking their pronunciation and loud / clear voice.

Follow up

Ask the students to write down minimal pairs for the following words in their notebooks.


1 thought on “Lesson Planning of Problems in Consonants”

  1. Reading your article helped me a lot and I agree with you. But I still have some doubts, can you clarify for me? I’ll keep an eye out for your answers.

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