Lesson Planning of Pronouns
Students` Learning Outcomes
- What are the Pronouns?
- Identify and use pronouns in sentences.
Information for Teachers
- Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns (common and proper)
- Personal pronouns are used in place of a common or proper noun.
- Example: I, me, you, he, she, him, her, it, they, and them.
- In English, different pronouns are used for masculine and feminine pronouns.
- Pronouns used for Masculine nouns are: he, him,
- for Feminine: she, her, and for neuter : ‘it’.
- Different pronouns are used in place of singular and plural pronouns: e.g. I, me, he, she, him, her, it for singular nouns and we, us, they, and them, for plural nouns.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook at all the steps where it is required.
- Remember to encourage the students when they give the right answer. Gently correct them by repeating the correct answer if they are wrong.
- Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit/ chapter.
- ‘I, you, he, she, it, we and they’ are subject pronouns. These are used in place of subject nouns; people, things or animals that are doing the action.
- For example: Amna / Abbas likes to play. She / he like to play.
- ‘Me, it, him, her, you, us and them’ are object pronouns and are used in place of object nouns; people, things or animals on which action is done.
- For example: Ayesha plays with Ali / the ball. Ayesha plays with him / it.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook
- Begin your lesson by writing on the board the words ‘happy’, ‘tired’, ‘hungry’, ‘ok’, ‘sleepy’, ‘cold’, ‘good’, ‘sad’.
- Tell the students “I am happy”. Say this with gesture.
- Tell the students that you will ask them the question “How are you? They will have to reply with actions. Tell the students that they have to choose action from the words written on the board.
- Start asking students the question, ‘How are you? Make sure you stress on the pronoun ‘you’.
- Ask several students by pointing towards them.
- Students` replies can be: I am hungry.
- I am sleepy.
- I am cold, etc.
- Now choose a student and ask her / him about another student (pointing with hand): Is she / he happy?
- The reply must be either: yes, she / he is happy or no, she / he is not happy. Do this with several students.
- Now ask the whole class:
- What are the words I, you, he, she, called?
- After the students have given you their answers about pronoun, remind them that pronouns are used in place of common or proper nouns
- Now tell the students that all these pronouns (I, he, she, it, and they,) tell about the person who is doing the action.
- Ask them: Which pronouns are used in place of nouns that tell us about the people / things on which action is done?
- Now write the pronouns on the board, in a box:
- Now tell them, ‘me’ is used when one is talking about oneself.
- ‘You’ is used when we are directly addressing or talking to someone. (2nd person)
- ‘Him .her’ is used when we are talking about a girl or a boy (3rd person)
- ‘Him’ is used for a boy and ‘her’ is used for a girl.
- ‘Us’ is used when we are talking about ourselves and another person (1 or more than one)
- ‘Them’ is used when we talk about two or more people.
- ‘It’ is used when we are talking about an animal’s or a non-living thing.
- Note: You can draw these stick figures on the writing board or use actions to make the meaning clear. You can also draw these on a place of paper / chart paper and stick it on a wall.
- You can also hang them with a piece of wool.
- Write the following sentences on the board:
- Sofia plays with the doll.
- Sofia plays with Naheed.
- Sofia plays with Ahmad.
- Sofia has a pen.
- Sofia plays with Amna and Fozia.
- Sofia plays with me and you. (Point towards yourself as you say ‘me’, and towards the class when you ‘say’)
- Now ask the students: as such;
- Which is the action word / verb in the above sentences?
- They might answer, as; play / plays / has
- Appreciate the students if they give the right answer, gently correct them if they give wrong answer.
- Now ask the students who is doing the action? (Expected answer may be as; Sofia)
- Now as:
- Which are the pronouns on which action is being done? (Expected answer may be as; Sofia, the doll, Naheed, Ahmad, pen, etc.)
- Now divide the class into groups and ask them to replace the nouns with the right pronouns (ask them to choose the pronouns from the box given above)
Sum up / Conclusion
- Now ask the students to explain the word pronoun and tell which pronouns tell us about the person / animal or thing that is doing the action and about the person / animals or thing on whom the action is being done.
- Monitor the assigned task in the classroom to assess how will students understand the concept of the pronouns.
- Give the students five pronouns.
- Tell the students to make short sentences using the pronouns.
- Give this activity as classwork in the next class.
- Point out the different pronouns as they appear in textbook / stories / sentences.