Lesson Planning of Relating Text with Self Experiences
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Apply critical thinking with text using intensive reading strategies to.
- Use critical thinking to respond to the text (post reading).
- Apply world knowledge and own opinion to the text read.
- Relate what is read to their-selves experiences.
Information for Teachers
- World knowledge means the understandings of the world that a person/child has gained through observations personal experience or by being told about it.
- Teacher must select a text which can be easily understood by the students and they can easily relate with the text. The theme should be suitable and interesting for this age group.
- It is important to highlights the difference between a fact and an opinion.
- Fact means reality. Everyone has to agree with the facts whereas opinions are personal viewpoints. Opinions are the answers that aren`t always going to be the same for everyone. Accept all the answers and respect personal opinion. Others have a right to hold a different opinion than ours.
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also use the textbook at all steps where it is required.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, text sheet (appendix)
- Write the word ‘work’ on the board. Ask the students to tell about different types of work people do. Encourage each child to name one profession only.
- How did you know about all these professions?
- Also highlight that most people have come up with different answers.
- Tell them that all of us have some knowledge, information or understandings of things without studying about them. Whenever we read something new there is always some background knowledge that we have. Its use makes our studies easier.
- Or teacher can select a topic from the textbook that he/she thinks students have some knowledge about. Then encourage the students to answer the questions after reading the selected text.
- General questions that could be asked for any text are:
- How many of you know about this?
- How did you know about all this?
- Where did you hear about it?
- What are facts? Give an example or two from the text read.
- What are opinions? Give an example or two from the text read.
You have a text sheet with you. Give the text sheet to each student or ask them to open the page of the textbook which you have selected for them.
Read the text aloud and use pauses and breaks according to punctuation marks. Clarify the meanings of difficult words where needed. Encourage the students to give examples and definitions where it is possible.
- After you have finished reading the text, ask them to identify a few examples of facts and opinions. Ask them to read in pairs. One child from each pair has to find out one fact and the other to find out one opinion from the text.
- Allow different pairs to get a chance to answer, e.g. he works in a hospital (a fact) She is a good doctor (an opinion)
- Discuss with the students what their choice of profession would be.
- Encourage them to look deeper into their choice with questions such as these:
- Why do you want to be_______________________?
- Have you ever met everyone from that profession?
- What did you find out about it?
- What is it that you like the most about this profession?
- Why do you think you will be good a profession?
- A specific example of questions for becoming a doctor is also given below:
- Why do you want to become a doctor?
- Have you met any doctor that you like?
- What do you like about this profession?
- Do you think you have some talent that will help you become a good doctor?
- Do you like to take care of other people?
- Ask questions to get a different response according to students` personal experiences:
- Have you ever been to a hospital?
- Did you like going to the hospital? Why / why not?
- How did the doctor behave?
- Was he a good doctor?
- How can you say that? Give an example:
- Is there any vegetable shop in your street? Name a few vegetables that grocer sells.
- Do you think it is an easy job?
- Have you ever been to a cobbler?
- What did you get mended?
- Do you like his job?
- Do you think he likes his job?
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask the students if they have ever read any lesson that they already had a bit of the knowledge or information about.
- Ask students to identify one fact or opinion from the text read and give a reason as well. Or make a sentence that shows opinion and a sentence that represents fact.
- Allow the students to explain fact or opinion and to give examples as well.
- Ask the students to give their own opinions about the text read.
- How did they find the text?
- What did they like in the text and what did they dislike? Give reasons as well.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
- Ask the students about the profession they would like to adopt when they grow up. They must also clarify why they would like to adopt that profession. (Personal opinion)
- Ask the students to make two sentences each giving fact and opinion about ‘plants’.
- Ask them to identify facts and opinions from any lesson selected by the teacher from textbook.
- Allow the students to give their opinion about the text read by writing three or four sentences about it.
- Ask the students to write about the profession of their choice, ‘My Dream Job’. In a few sentences they must give some facts and also their opinion about that profession / vocation.
- Ask the students to read a lesson from textbook (Teacher`s selected lesson) and write their opinion.
- If possible ask them to write their experience about the text read. For example: if it is about vegetables, they can write if they have grown vegetables. If yes, which vegetables are grown in which season? They can give their opinions which vegetable they like and why? Which vegetable they dislike and why?