Lesson Planning of Simple Regular and Irregular Verbs
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Articulate, recognize and use forms of some simple regular verbs and some irregular verbs.
Information for Teachers
- Note: for more information on tenses, refer to the information for teachers given in the Tenses` lessons.
- The present tense indicates that an action is present, now, related to the speaker or writer. Generally, it is used to describe actions that are factual or habitual – things that occur in the present but that are not necessarily happening right now.
- The present tense uses the verb`s base form (write, work), or, for third – person singular subjects, the base form plus an –s ending (e.g. he writes she works).
- For example:
- I walk to my university every day.
- It rains a lot in Pakistan.
- Present continuous tense is formed using two components: the verb be (in the present tense), and the –ing form of verb.
- For example:
- I am singing.
- She is singing.
- They are singing.
- Past continuous tense indicates some action that was happening at some point in the past. This tense is formed with the helping verb to be, in the past tense, plus the present participle of the verb (with an –ing endings).
- For example: I was running in the park when I met my friend.
- With most verbs, the simple past is created simply by adding –ed. However, with some verbs, you need to add –d.2
- For example: live + d = lived
- Boil + Ed = boiled
- We use the simple future tense to talk about things that will happen at a time later than now. The simple future tense is formed by adding the helping verb will and shall with the base form of the verb.
- For example:
- I will sing.
- You will walk.
- She will leave soon.
- You must repeat this lesson in another period to further clarify the concepts and give practice to students.
- The forms of some irregular verbs are given at the end of this lesson plan. For more verbs, consult grammar books, websites or a dictionary.
- Teacher is also required to involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at end of unit / chapter
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, list of regular and irregular verbs with tense form, you can make a chart of it and paste in the class for student to enhance their vocabulary and knowledge of verbs forms
- Note; students studied simple present, simple past and present continuous tenses in Grade 3. Students must have also learnt past continuous and simple future tenses by now. They must also have knowledge of the present, past, and future forms of some regular and irregular verbs.
- Write base forms of at least five regular and irregular verbs on the writing board.
- Ask the students to pronounce and give the present, past and future forms of those verbs.
- Ask random students about simple present, simple past, simple future, and present continuous tense and past continuous tense.
- Reinforce the concepts of these tenses if students have difficulty recalling.
- Write few sentences (using regular and irregular verbs) on the writing board and ask students to identify the tenses.
- Write some more regular and irregular verbs on the writing board along with their past, present and future forms. Say each verb and ask the students to pronounce after you. Tell students the meaning of the verbs.
- Ask students to take out their notebooks.
- Write ten verbs on the writing board. (Mix of regular or irregular verbs)
- Tell the students that they have to make sentences using the verbs in such a way that two verbs are used in simple present tense, two in simple past tense, two in simple future tense, two in present continuous tense, and two in past continuous tense.
- Provide help to students if they have difficulty constructing sentences.
- Students who finish the work first can get up and help the ones who take time to do it. This is also called peer support.
Conclusion / Sum up
- Sum up the lesson by asking the students forms of different regular verbs and irregular verbs.
- Assess students` ability to articulate and recognize forms of simple regular verbs and irregular verbs through their correct responses during introduction and sum up.
- Assess students` understanding and ability to use forms of simple regular and irregular verbs through the sentences produced in the activity 1 and the follow up activity.
- Give students a mix of some simple regular and irregular verbs (past forms) and ask them to write the present and future forms of the verbs. (an oral class quiz).
- Give the students 10 – 15 regular and irregular verbs. Tell them to write the types of verbs in the blank given in front of each verb. Tell the students that they should see the verb in a dictionary to know its types. Give this activity as home work.