Lesson Planning of Synonyms and Antonyms


Lesson Planning of Synonyms and Antonyms

Subject English

Grade 3rd

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Recognize and use words similar and opposite in meaning.

Information for Teachers

  • Similar means having same meanings. They are also called synonyms.
  • Opposite words are also called antonyms. In grade iii, we use direct opposites, e.g. big / small, old / new, dirty / clean, etc.

Synonyms and Antonyms

  • Opposites are often adjectives as they describe (words) e.g. old book, small cat, etc.


Material / Resources


Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, worksheets, charts, textbooks


  • Ask the students randomly to tell anything about the following:
  • Big in the class / anything small in the class
  • Clean in the class / anything dirty in the class
  • Dull / black / dark in the class / anything bright / white / colourful in the class
  • New in the class / anything old in the class


  • After this activity, tell the students that they will learn some similar and opposite words.


Activity 1

  • Write the following words on the board.
  • Old, long, difficult, big, hard, tall, heavy, new, small, beautiful, short
  • Ask the students to work in groups and tell the words and their opposites from the given list of words.
  • Once the students have done with the opposites, discuss similar meanings of the words with them. Let the students guess.
  • Help when required
  • Ask the students to note down the similar and opposite meaning words in their notebooks side by side.


Activity 2

  • Write the following activity on the board.
  • Find the word next to it that is the synonyms.
  1. Bade; awful, silly


  1. Pretty; beautiful, ugly


  1. Thin; fat, lean


  1. Big; large, small


  1. Talk; speak, silent


  1. Wet; dry, soaked


  1. Quick; slow, fast


  1. Glad; happy, sad



  • Draw three columns on the writing board and ask the students to draw the same in their notebooks e.g.
  • Ask the students to guess the meanings of difficult words in pairs.
  • Ask them randomly about the meanings of the difficult words.
  • Ask them to write similar meaning words and opposite meaning words in respective columns.
  • Tell them to note the words and meanings side by side on their notebooks.
  • Once they understand all the meanings, ask them to put them in the columns accordingly.
  • Take rounds to monitor and help the students, where required.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Conclude the less by asking the students:
  1. What are synonyms? Give examples.
  2. What are antonyms? Give examples


  • Assess students` performance through activity 1 and 2.
  • Take a round and ask student about their scores.
  • Involve the students in solving problems given in exercise at the end of unit / chapter.

Follow up

  • Ask the students to consult a dictionary to find opposite or same meaning words of the following:
  1. Old, long,   difficult, big,   hard,    tall,    heavy,    small, beautiful,    cold, short





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