Lesson Planning of Synonyms and Antonyms
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Recognize and use words similar and opposite in meaning.
Information for Teachers
- Similar means having same meanings. They are also called synonyms.
- Opposite words are also called antonyms. In grade iii, we use direct opposites, e.g. big / small, old / new, dirty / clean, etc.
- Opposites are often adjectives as they describe (words) e.g. old book, small cat, etc.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, worksheets, charts, textbooks
- Ask the students randomly to tell anything about the following:
- Big in the class / anything small in the class
- Clean in the class / anything dirty in the class
- Dull / black / dark in the class / anything bright / white / colourful in the class
- New in the class / anything old in the class
- After this activity, tell the students that they will learn some similar and opposite words.
- Write the following words on the board.
- Old, long, difficult, big, hard, tall, heavy, new, small, beautiful, short
- Ask the students to work in groups and tell the words and their opposites from the given list of words.
- Once the students have done with the opposites, discuss similar meanings of the words with them. Let the students guess.
- Help when required
- Ask the students to note down the similar and opposite meaning words in their notebooks side by side.
- Write the following activity on the board.
- Find the word next to it that is the synonyms.
- Bade; awful, silly
- Pretty; beautiful, ugly
- Thin; fat, lean
- Big; large, small
- Talk; speak, silent
- Wet; dry, soaked
- Quick; slow, fast
- Glad; happy, sad
- Draw three columns on the writing board and ask the students to draw the same in their notebooks e.g.
- Ask the students to guess the meanings of difficult words in pairs.
- Ask them randomly about the meanings of the difficult words.
- Ask them to write similar meaning words and opposite meaning words in respective columns.
- Tell them to note the words and meanings side by side on their notebooks.
- Once they understand all the meanings, ask them to put them in the columns accordingly.
- Take rounds to monitor and help the students, where required.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Conclude the less by asking the students:
- What are synonyms? Give examples.
- What are antonyms? Give examples
- Assess students` performance through activity 1 and 2.
- Take a round and ask student about their scores.
- Involve the students in solving problems given in exercise at the end of unit / chapter.
- Ask the students to consult a dictionary to find opposite or same meaning words of the following:
- Old, long, difficult, big, hard, tall, heavy, small, beautiful, cold, short