Lesson Planning of the Changing Numbers of Regular and Irregular Nouns
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Change the number of more regular and irregular nouns, and nouns with no change in number.
Information for Teachers
- The plural of nouns is usually formed adding‘s’ to a singular noun, as;
- Lamp/lamps, flower/flowers, fork/forks, pen/pens, cat/cats, etc.
- Nouns ending in ‘s’, ‘x’, ‘z’, ‘o’, ‘ch’, and ‘sh’ form the plural by adding ‘es’, as; (Class/classes, box/boxes, buzz/buzzes, potato/potatoes, dish/dishes, lunch/lunches etc.)
- Nouns ending in ‘y’ preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding‘s’, as; (Day/days, toy/toys, valley/valleys)
- Nouns ending in ‘y’ preceded by a consonant are formed into a plural by changing ‘y’ to –es, as; (Lady/ladies, city/cities, baby/babies)
- There are some nouns that form the plurals differently. Some nouns change their vowels in the middle of the singular form when forming the plural, as; (goose/geese, foot/feet, man/men, etc.)
- Several nouns form the plural by adding the letters ‘en’, as; (ox/oxen, child/children, etc.)
- There are certain animals that have the same singular and plural form, as; (deer/deer, sheep/sheep, fish/fish, etc.)
- Most nouns ending in ‘o’ also form the plural by adding ‘es’ to the singular, as; (buffalo/buffaloes, mango/mangoes, hero/heroes, etc.)
- Several nouns end in –‘f’, ‘-fe’ forms their plurals by changing ‘-f’ and ‘-f’ into ‘v’ and adding ‘es’, as; thief/thieves, wife/wives, wolf/wolves)
- Some nouns have the singular and plural alike, as; (sheep, deer, dozen)
- While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook at all steps wherein and whenever it is applicable.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, textbook
- Write the following singular and plural nouns on the board, as; (boy, mangoes, knife, women, mice, foot, photos, brush, boxes.)
- Point to each noun and ask the students to tell whether the noun is singular or plural.
- Encourage the students if they give correct answers. If the students don`t remember singular and plural nouns ask them to sort singular and plural nouns from the given words and briefly explain the rules for changing these words.
- Ask the students to name the nouns that are same in both singular and plural forms, as; sheep, deer, etc.
- If the students don`t remember these nouns, re-tell them that spelling of singular nouns remain same as singular and plural. Explain by writing examples on the board, as; (sheep, deer, dozen, hundred, score salmon)
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask the students to name the nouns that don`t change in number when changed into plural.
- Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
- Students must do this exercise in the notebooks or on the textbook.
- Assess how well students remember the rules for changing number of regular and irregular nouns in the introductory activity.
- Check the students` ability to change the number of regular and irregular nouns through activity 1.
- Ask them how do we change words if they end at ‘f’, and ‘-ef’ and also give examples.
- Ask them to tell some nouns that are used only in plural form.
- Changing the following plural nouns into singular ones and then use them in sentences of your own, as;