LESSON PLAN OF UNIT FRACTIONS

LESSON PLANNING OF UNIT FRACTIONS UP TO 1/12

Subject Mathematics

Students` Learning Outcomes

• Recognize and name unit fractions up to 1/12.
• Recognize fractions like two-third, three-fourth, four-fifth and so on using 3/3, 3/4 ……………

Information for Teachers

• When the whole is divided into some equal parts, one part out of these equal parts is called unit fractions e.g. ½, 1/3, ¼ ….. 1/12.

• Two parts out of three equal parts is called two-third.

• Three parts out of four equal parts is called three –fourth.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, shapes of different objects, chocolate bar

Introduction

• Bring a chocolate bar in the class or draw a picture of chocolate bar on the board.

• Divide the bar into two equal parts and shade one part if you are using a drawing.

• Now divide the bar into three equal parts and shade one part.

• Ask the students to represent the shaded part in fraction. (1/3)
• Now divide the bar into five equal parts and shade one part.

• Ask the students to represent the shaded part in fraction. (1/5)
• Tell the students that ½, 1/3, 1/5 is unit fractions. Mg

Development

Activity 1

• Display a chart having coloured strips on it.

• Ask the students to observe each strip and find out the number of equal parts, in which it has been divided.
• Find out how many equal parts are coloured?
• Represent in fractions coloured parts in each strip.
• Explain the students 1/5, 1/6… 1/12 are known as unit fractions.

Activity 2

Draw a rectangle on the board and divide it into three equal parts.

• Then coloured the parts of rectangle to represent as fraction 2/3.
• Ask students how many parts are of the whole? (3)
• How many parts are shaded? (2)
• So how we represent this fraction? (2/3)
• How will we read it? (Two-third)
• Make another rectangle and divide it into four equal parts.

• How will we represent this fraction? (3/4)
• Repeat this activity with 4/5 and 5/6 ask fraction every time from the students.
• Encourage their answer and guide them.

Activity 3

• Draw the following shapes on the board.

• Encourage the students and at the end demonstrate on the board.

Sum up / Conclusion

• Unit fractions are one part out of total equal parts.

Two-third is written as 2/3.

Three-fourth is written as ¾.

Assessment

• Ask the students to draw a circle and represent the following unit fractions. ½, 1/3, ¼, 1/5, 1/6.

• Write the fractions for the following.

• Divide the following rectangle into six equal parts and represent the fraction. 5/6

• Bread was divided into 12 equal parts & you take 3 slices, your sister takes 4 slices & your mother takes 5 slices.

• Ask the students to solve the questions given in their textbook.