Subject Mathematics

Grade 2nd

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Recognize and name unit fractions up to 1/12.
  • Recognize fractions like two-third, three-fourth, four-fifth and so on using 3/3, 3/4 ……………

Information for Teachers

  • When the whole is divided into some equal parts, one part out of these equal parts is called unit fractions e.g. ½, 1/3, ¼ ….. 1/12.


  • Two parts out of three equal parts is called two-third.



  • Three parts out of four equal parts is called three –fourth.



Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, textbook, shapes of different objects, chocolate bar


  • Bring a chocolate bar in the class or draw a picture of chocolate bar on the board.


  • Divide the bar into two equal parts and shade one part if you are using a drawing.



  • Now divide the bar into three equal parts and shade one part.



  • Ask the students to represent the shaded part in fraction. (1/3)
  • Now divide the bar into five equal parts and shade one part.



  • Ask the students to represent the shaded part in fraction. (1/5)
  • Tell the students that ½, 1/3, 1/5 is unit fractions. Mg



Activity 1

  • Display a chart having coloured strips on it.


  • Ask the students to observe each strip and find out the number of equal parts, in which it has been divided.
  • Find out how many equal parts are coloured?
  • Represent in fractions coloured parts in each strip.
  • Explain the students 1/5, 1/6… 1/12 are known as unit fractions.



Activity 2

Draw a rectangle on the board and divide it into three equal parts. 

  • Then coloured the parts of rectangle to represent as fraction 2/3.
  • Ask students how many parts are of the whole? (3)
  • How many parts are shaded? (2)
  • So how we represent this fraction? (2/3)
  • How will we read it? (Two-third)
  • Make another rectangle and divide it into four equal parts.


  • Shade three parts and ask the students how many parts are shaded? (3)
  • How will we represent this fraction? (3/4)
  • Repeat this activity with 4/5 and 5/6 ask fraction every time from the students.
  • Encourage their answer and guide them.



Activity 3

  • Draw the following shapes on the board.
  • Ask the students to shade the given fraction.


  • Encourage the students and at the end demonstrate on the board.


Sum up / Conclusion

  • Unit fractions are one part out of total equal parts.


Two-third is written as 2/3.


Three-fourth is written as ¾.



  • Ask the students to draw a circle and represent the following unit fractions. ½, 1/3, ¼, 1/5, 1/6.


  • Write the fractions for the following.



  • Shade the following fractions.



Follow up

  • Divide the following rectangle into six equal parts and represent the fraction. 5/6


  • Bread was divided into 12 equal parts & you take 3 slices, your sister takes 4 slices & your mother takes 5 slices.



  • Write fraction for you, your sister & your mother.
  • Ask the students to solve the questions given in their textbook.








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