Lesson Planning of Unit of Fractions


Lesson Planning of Unit of Fractions

Subjects Mathematics

Grade II

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Recognize and name unit fractions up to 1/12
  • Recognize fractions like two third, three fourth, four fifth and so on using 2/3, 3/4…

Information for Teachers

  • Division of objects has now been advanced up to 12 parts and mixed parts like 2/3, 3/4, 4/5 and many other combinations.

Unit of Fractions

  • Key points will be one out of twelve out of 4, 4 out of 5.

Unit of Fractions

  • While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps wherein and whenever it is applicable.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, cards ½, 1/3,, ¼ shapes of different objects like circles rectangles, a list of months in a year properly displayed at some prominent place.


  • Ask: if you cut an apple in 2 equal parts and take one part how much of the apple do you have? (Expected answer would be as; Half)
  • How can we write half in numbers? (Expected answer would be as; ½)
  • How can we write one third in numbers? (Expected answer would be as; 1/3)
  • How can we write one fourth in numbers? (Expected answer would be as; 1/4)


Activity 1

  • Ask the students about their birthdays. They will say different dates and months.
  • Ask: How many months in year? (Expected answer would be as; 12)

So one year has 12 parts which are the 12 months.


  • Ask: How many parts is the year divided in? (Expected answer would be as; 12)
  • One month is one part out of 12
  • How can we write it?
  • (Expected answer would be as; 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, to 1/12)
  • Encourage students to use their knowledge to write down the parts of the year in fractions.
  • Say that a month can be called as one twelfth of a year (1/12).
  • So the month of your birth is 12th portion of the year.


Activity 2

  • Draw a rectangle on the board and divide it into three parts. Color the 2 parts to show the expressions of 2/3.
  • Ask how many parts of the whole (3)
  • How many color parts (2)
  • How can we write it 2/3)
  • Further explain the concept of three fourth by dividing the shape into 4 equal parts and then shade three portions.
  • Always encourage the students to write the fraction.
  • Correct if needed.


Activity 3

  • Divide the class in-groups.
  • Give each group a cut out shape.
  • Ask them to think of any number from 1-12 and divide the shape in that many equal parts (with a pencil and ruler)
  • Now cut-out out one part from the whole and write the fraction for it.
  • How many total parts (10, 7, 8, etc.)
  • How many parts do you have? (Expected answer would be as; 1)
  • What’s the fraction? (Expected answer would be as; 1/10, 1/8, 1/7, etc.)
  • Now say to the students to cut-out another part from the shape.
  • Now you say How many parts do you have? (Expected answer would be as; )
  • How can we show it in numbers? (Expected answer would be as; 2/10, 2/8, 2/7)
  • Guide them on how to write these fractions. (Ask each time: how many parts of the whole? How many parts do you have?)
  • Practice with different fractions in the same way.


Sum up/ Conclusion

  • Conclude that we can divide things into many equal parts and write the fractions for them.


  • Distribute a sheet with different shapes divided into 12 parts.
  • Ask them to color in shape according to the fraction that you say.

Follow up Tasks

  • Ask them to make a story about dividing something into equal parts and sharing it.
  • The story should mention one or two fractions
  • Teacher is also required to involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit/chapter.


Leave a Comment