LESSON PLANNING OF USE OF JOINING WORDS
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Demonstrate use of joining words learnt earlier.
Information for Teachers
- A conjunction (or joining word is a word which connects words and group of words.
- And is used to join or add words together in the sentence such as; they ate and drank.
- Or is used to show alternatives as in the sentence, such as; he will be here on Monday or Tuesday.
- But is used to show opposite or contrast in the sentence, such as; she is small but strong.
- So is used to show result in the sentence, such as; I was tired so I went to sleep.
- Because is used to express reason, such as; I watch TV because I like it.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, flashcards, textbook
- Ask students to name two favourite foods, colours, games, best friends etc.
- Tell them how they are going to use ‘and’ between the two words.
- Ask them, if they have guests and they offer them a choice between tea or cold drinks, how will they say it?
- Lead them to the use of ‘or’ to show a choice between two things.
- Ask them to give more examples of how ‘or’ is used in sentences.
- Explain the function of joining words here. Read “information for teacher” for help.(Two or three more sentences could be written on the same pattern with the help of students for their better understandings.
- Write the sentences on the board.
- Ask students to fill in the blanks using suitable conjunctions.
- Write the conjunctions in the box like this:
1. I want to play ________ my mother will not allow me.
2. I think __________ his birthday is on Tuesday ______Wednesday.
3. Maria helps her mother _________ she loves her.
4. I needed a book ______ I went to the library.
5. She eats with a fork ___________ a spoon.
- Explain the function of joining words here (and, or, because, but, so). (Two or three more sentences could be written on the same pattern with the help of students for their better understandings)
- Write five sentences on the board and as the students to underline conjunctions in them. Involve the whole class in the activity.
1. I love sweets and lolly-pops.
2. I want to buy a new bicycle but I don`t have enough money.
3. Aliya wants to become a doctor so she is studying.
4. Qasim is intelligent but he is very careless.
5. Give me biscuits and cup of tea.
Here also explain the function of and, or, but, so and because.
- Write the sentences on the board. Ask the students to copy them in their notebooks.
- Students can complete the sentences after discussion with their group members.
- Complete the following sentences using or, and, but, so, and because.
1. Amman has a doll ___________ a doll`s house.
2. My grandmother was ill ________i brought medicines for her.
3. I need a hairbrush _________ a mirror.
4. He is weak _____________ active.
5. Maria reads books ___________ she loves them.
6. She will come on Monday ____________Tuesday.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask the students:
§ Name any four joining words.
§ Tell a sentence using any one joining word.
§ Tell a sentence using the word ‘because’. Tell a sentence using ‘or’. Tell a sentence using ‘so’.
§ Allow students to correct each other`s sentences where necessary.
§ Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebooks or on the textbook.
- Ask the students to write 5 sentences using the conjunctions and, or, but, so, and because. Help them where they need support and guidance.
- Ask students to write a paragraph using 5 to 6 sentences on ‘My classroom’ using conjunctions.
- Students can read a story from their textbooks and underline conjunctions.
- They can write where and when do they use conjunctions with examples.
- Tell students that conjunctions are used in our daily conversation, such as; ‘it was cold today so I decided to wear a sweater. ‘ or ‘I decided to wear a sweater because it was cold today’.