Lesson Planning of Word Families
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Organize vocabulary items learnt in class and from extended environment (Including media) in a notebook according to parts of speech and word family.
Information for teachers
- Word class or family is another name for the parts of speech.
- For the purposes of this lesson recap of earlier grammar work are required i.e. naming words, action words & describing words and prepositions. Ensure that students have been introduced to and are familiar with the above concepts.
- As children read their vocabulary bank increases. Giving them an organizing system helps them add on to their range. This also helps them give greater meaning.
- Vocabulary can be organized in various ways:
- According to theme
- Alphabetical order
- But organizing it through word class is a better way since it helps in understanding the usage of a particular word.
- It is recommended that each teacher maintains a set of vocabulary word class flashcards in class. Old shoe boxes, envelopes made of chart paper and hung on walls can be used to classify each word class. Encourage students to write new vocabulary words on these chits / card board pieces and place them in the relevant pocket or box. Over the year keep on adding to the list as students learn new words.
- Students can be asked to maintain a ‘MY WORD BOOK’ where they list down new words learnt. This can be done at the back of their notebooks too. It gives students a sense of achievement as they see their word bank increase!
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk / marker, duster, flashcards of word family, textbook
- Ask the students the meaning of ‘treasure’ and what are the things that are found in a treasure chest.(Expected answer may be as; gems/gold/jewels/something valuable/rich/kings) (relate it with any old story they may have read)
- Tell them that today they are going to prepare a treasure of their own! A treasure of words which they will keep on adding to and soon they will have a rich vocabulary!! Make them excited and thrilled about!
- Ask them if they have learnt any new vocabulary words in the last week. Give them chits of paper (This can be done as a group if there are more than 30 children in the class) and ask each one of them to write their word. (groups can write theirs on one chit)
- Write the following words on the board and make 5 columns.
- Write Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverbs (of manner), and Preposition in the columns.
- Recap and recall word class briefly.
- Ask the student’s to read their word and tell you which word class does it belong to and you write it in the column accordingly.
- Give your input where required.
- Ask some other student to help if any student writes some word in a wrong column.
- Divide class into groups and assign one chapter from the textbook that they have read.
- Ask the groups to open their chapters and find & come up with different words from their notebooks( 2 for each word class i.e. 2 nouns, 2 verbs, 2 adjectives and son on)
- Once they are done with the words written in the notebook, ask the students to add one more word they have heard on the TV, radio, etc.
- Give each group pre-cut blank flash cards / chits of paper (2” X 6”)
- Ask each group to write their word on the flashcard and write the word class on the reverse side of the flashcard.
- Guide them to write it in clear bold writing so that it is easily read.
- Create a system to organize things but also understand that the word banks that students create will not be perfectly organized, so encourage them and appreciate their work without having very high expectations of them.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask students to recall word class.
- Ask the students to exchange their work with the other groups and check each other`s work.
- Tell them to circle the words in the wrong word class.
- Put the boxes or pockets with word class mentioned on the top and ask each group to place their words into the respective pocket or box.
- Keep a few blank flash cards ready and at the end of each English lesson ask your students to add new vocabulary words in the ‘word bank’.
- They can be asked to maintain one such box or organizer at home as well.
- Encourage students to make beautiful diaries with stickers or drawings to make their word bank, so that it really feels like a treasure chest.