# Mental Strategies to Divide Numbers

## Students` Learning Outcomes

• Apply mental mathematical strategies to divide numbers up to the table of 10.

### Information for Teachers

• Multiplication tables help us to solve division problems mentally.

• Mental calculation is helpful in daily life; we can divide the numbers speedily to solve daily life problems.

• While teaching the lesson, also consult textbook where and when applicable.

### Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, questions flashcards, mathematical textbook

### Introduction

• Ask the following questions to the students:
• How many times ‘7’ is ‘42’?
• How many times ‘7’ is ‘63’?
• Ask to use multiplication tables to solve these.
• Write the answer on the board.

• Write on the board:

• Ask the students, can you solve this question?
• After taking their feedback, tell them that multiplication table will be helpful in solving this question.

• Ask to read the table of 6 loudly and stops at the time until the number ‘30’ comes.
• The required answer is 5.

### Development

Activity 1

• Write on the board:

• Call any student to solve it mentally using multiplication table.

Activity 2

• Place the following questions flashcards on the table in front of the class:

• Call any student and ask to pick flashcard of his/her own choice.
• Ask to solve the question mentally and write the answer on the board.
• Check the answer and correct the mistake if any.
• Repeat the activity for all the flashcards.

### Sum up / Conclusion

• Revise multiplication tables up to 10.

• We use multiplication tables to solve division question mentally.

### Assessment

• Write on the board:

• Ask the students to solve these in their notebooks.