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- Read the following sentences:
- He demanded something. (Sub + Verb + Noun)
- He demanded something to eat. (Sub + Verb + NP with infinitive)
- She took tea. (Sub + Verb + Noun)
- She took tea early. (Sub + Verb + NP + Adverb)
- Praising is a good virtue. (Noun as Sub + Verb)
- Praising all is equal to praising none. (NP + Verb + Adjective + NP)
- He showed me a computer. (Sub + Verb + Noun)
- He showed me how to assemble a computer. (with how to)
- In first sentence ‘something’ is a noun and it is object of verb (demanded).
- In second sentence ‘something to eat’ is also object of the verb (demanded) this group of words is used for noun, so this group of words is called Noun Phrase.
- In fourth sentence ‘Tea Early’ is object of verb Took. But this group of words is worked as noun, so this group of words is called Noun Phrase.
- In five sentence ‘praising’ is a noun and this subject of verb (Is)
- In sixth sentence ‘praising all’ is a subject of verb (is) but this is a group of words and used for noun, so this is also called a Noun Phrase.
- In eight sentence ‘ how to assemble a computer’ is also a noun phrase, so here let`s define Noun Phrase;
Definition of a Noun Phrase
- A noun phrase is a group of words that acts as a noun. It may be a subject or object or complement of a verb. For example;
- Playing hockey, II. Reading Books, III. Early to bed, IV. To win a prize
- Playing hockey keeps man active.
- We have enjoyed reading this book.
- Early to bed is a good habit.
- To win a prize is a hard task.
- More examples:
- Bird`s eye view, 2.Reading novels, 3.At sixes and sevens, 4.ups and down, 5.kith and kin, 6.wear and tear, 7.without rhyme or reason, 8.long and short, 9.to learn driving, 10.part and parcel
- The above phrases can be turned into sentences, as such;
- We had a bird`s eye view of the city from the tower.
- Everything in the room was at sixes and sevens.
- We should be kind to our kith and kin.
- He left his service without rhyme or reason.
- He wants to learn driving.
- I am fond of reading novels.
- We should learn the ups and downs of life.
- Wear and tear of roads causes problems.
- The long and short of discussion is that he was killed.
- TV is a part and parcel of a modern house.
- Note: In order to understand the Noun Phrase more clearly, question “What” should be asked after the “Verb” and what follows, is either a Noun , a Noun Phrase or Noun Clause as;
- He wants “what”……………..to learn driving. Hence “to learn driving” is a Noun Phrase.