Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

Lesson Plan of Pronouncing Consonants and Vowels

Subject English

Grade 2nd

Students` Learning Outcomes

    • Recognize and identify consonant and vowels in the English alphabet.
    • Identify/classify words that begin with a consonant or vowels sounds.

Information for Teachers

  • Vowels: ‘a’, ‘e’, ‘I’, ‘o’ and ‘u’ are the English vowels. Y is also a vowel sound (e.g. my, many) but it can also behave as a consonant when it is at the beginning of a word for example, yummy and yellow.
  • To utter a vowel sounds, air coming from the lungs is not stopped by the mouth or throat. That means when we are making vowel sound, neither the tongue touches anywhere in the mouth nor do the lips close.

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

  • All normal English words contain at least one vowel for example: bat, hen, pen, basket, etc.
  • Consonants: Rest of the letters of alphabet are consonants.
  • Pronounce and practice all the consonants and vowel sounds before going to class. You can teach this lesson using the flashcards from the primary school kit provided by the government sources.
  • Introduce both capital and small case together when practicing vowel and consonant sounds (Aa, Bb, Cc)
  • Stick to simple vowel sounds only (short and long) (Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu). Select simple and familiar words that the children can read and know the meaning of.

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

  • Involve the students in solving the exercise given at the end of unit/chapter in the textbook.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, flashcards, textbook


  • Revise the concept of vowels that the students have done in class one. Show them picture flashcards (with pictures of words that start with vowel sounds) and ask them; “What is this?” (e.g. apple, egg, inkpot, orange, umbrella)

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

  • Encourage students to answer and participate in the activity.
  • Draw the outline of a hand on the board and write the vowel sounds a, e, i, o, u on the fingers. Ask them to read all the vowel sounds with you. Img


Activity 1

  • Show students flashcards of vowels.
  • Produce sounds of all vowels in front of the students and ask the students to repeat them.
  • Show them pictures of words starting with vowels from the textbook. Read alkoud the names of the words and ask the students to repeat after you, so that they get a better idea of the sounds.
  • Then show them the flashcards of different consonants and utter their sounds.
  • Specially demonstrate s, p, c, z, p consonants.
  • Ask them to repeat after you.

Activity 2

  • Write different letters on the board and ask them to tell whether they are consonants or vowels.
  • Ask students to give you a few nouns beginning with vowels sounds.
  • List them on the board under heading of

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels


  • Select five students whose names start with vowels or you may give them names starting with vowels, for e.g.:

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

  • Write these names on ther flashcards, and ask the students to show them to their class fellows.
  • Point out the first letter of each name and pronounce it correctly.
  • Now again tell them that a, e, i, o, u are vowels.
  • Demonstrate how each vowel is pronounced.

Activity 3

  • Divide the class into groups of five.
  • Give each group a flashcards of vowels (a, e, o, i, u).
  • These flashcards are available in primary school kits provided by the government. You can write the sounds a, e, I, o, u on chits of papers if you don`t have enough copies of the flashcards.
  • Tell them to think of a few words (3-5) starting with the vowel sound written on their flashcard.
  • Ask each group to step forward with his/her flashcard and say the sound of the vowel letter aloud and name a few sound and the words after each group.
  • Then ask the class to give you a word starting with this letter. For example, if the letter is “i” (they may say inkpot, ink, igloo or “a” (they may say apple, ant, etc.)
  • Repeat this activity with all vowels.

Students` Response:

  • Correct them where required.
  • Now utter the sounds of each vowel and ask the students which letter it is?
  • After that select some consonants (not all of them) and repeat the activity the same way with another group of students.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Ask the students the following:
  1. Tell two words starting with “i”.
  2. How many vowels are there?
  3. Tell a word starting with “u”
  4. How many vowels are there in English alphabet?
  5. Give two words starting with “c”.
  6. Why are vowel sounds important?


  • Prepare two words lists. Note: select easy words.
  • The teacher may use the following words list.

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

  • Divide the class into two teams.
  • Give ‘A’ to one team and list ‘B’ to another team.
  • Ask each it to give a word to other team and the other team will tell whether the word starts with a vowel or a consonant.
  • The team with the most correct answers will win.

Follow up

  • Continue to repeat vowels and consonants as students learn more words.
  • You can prepare charts of vowel sounds with students to put up in the class. Students can use pictures cut from magazines, old books & newspapers to prepare a collage of each vowel (a, e, i, o, u)

Pronouncing Consonants/ Vowels

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