Quality Education: Initiatives and Expectations
· This unit briefly discuss some new initiatives taken at the primary level and focuses on the role of the head teacher in successfully implementing and sustaining them.
The head teacher will be able to:
· Understand the new initiatives taken by the School Education Department / govt. of Punjab for the improvement of overall quality of education to cope with the international Educational Standards.
· In this unit each initiative is briefly highlighted to indicate areas where head teachers need to put in maximum effort. These new initiatives are interlinked and are crucial to bring about long term benefits to the students and ultimately to the nation.
· Following are some of the new initiatives taken in the recent years and are discussed briefly:
1. Early Child Education (ECE)
2. The Child Friendly Schools (CFS)
3. Curriculum Reforms
4. English Medium Schools Initiatives
5. Continuous Professional Development (CPD) Frame Work
6. School Reform Road Map
1. Early Childhood Education (ECE)
On 9th September 2009, the Govt. of Pakistan approved the new National Education Policy. This is the first time in the history of Pakistan that an education policy contained a full section on Early School Education. This is encouraging. The new National Education Policy 2009 has recognized the importance of ECE and taken a number of policy action, including additional budget, teachers and assistants for ECE. Policy also include interactive environment, including play, rather than focus on regimes that require rote-learning.
Early Child Education (ECE) relates to early learning of young children and consists of activities or experiences that are meant to effect developmental changes in children before they enter into formal class, grade or primary school.
Significance of ECE:
Good quality Early Childhood Education has important long term benefits for a child. The
Years are critical for the acquisition of concepts, skills and attitudes because they lay the
Foundation for lifelong learning.
The National Curriculum for ECE aims to:
1. Provide for the holistic development of the child, which includes physical, social, emotional, cognitive and moral development.
2. Development critical thinking skills
3. Nurture tolerance and respect for diversity
4. Provide knowledge and understanding of Islam and Islamic society.
5. Develop understanding and respect for the beliefs and practices of the other religions.
6. Create in children a sense of citizenship within the community, country and the world.
7. Foster in children a sense of self reliance independence and positive self image
8. Equip child with lifelong learning skills
9. Provide opportunities for active learning
10. Provide opportunities for self-initiated play and decision making.