Silent & Oral Reading of English Text

Silent & Oral Reading of English Text
What are the different types of reading?
This article offers you two types of reading to approach a text: Silent reading & Oral reading.
Silent & Oral Reading of English Text
Silent reading: Silent reading involves reading without vocalization. No sound while readers read silently.

It is an opportunity for internalization and individualization of reading. The silent reader is no longer constrained to the rhythm of pronunciation; he can also establish discontinuous paths in his book or compare a particular passage to others.
Silent & Oral Reading of English Text
How to use “silent reading” in a sentence
Silent reading continues (L.S.C.) 1st grade students have difficulty understanding the concept of silent reading: they have the impression that if they do not pronounce the words, they are not reading and therefore tend to whisper (more or less strong).
Silent reading is something interior, which involves listening to the quiet inner voice.

Silent reading is actually not silent at all.

Silent Reading: The average Pakistani students read between 250 and 300 words per minute.

It is obvious that silent reading is the more efficient way of reading and is therefore more useful in life. Silent reading means reading completely silently, without even moving the lips.
Some psycholinguists believe that it is not possible to read without giving some phonetic value to the graphic symbols and therefore even in silent reading the reader has to ‘subvocalize’, i.e. mentally pronounce the words.
But recent researches tend to show that this need not necessary be the case. It is likely that really efficient reading consists in the ability to connect meaning directly with the graphic symbols, very much in the manner of a motorist ‘reading’ a traffic sign (e.g. A picture of school boy means: ‘Drive slow/School children crossing,’etc.
The importance of silent reading in life, however, does not reduce the importance of oral reading at the initial stages of language learning. Oral reading, like other speech work, is a useful means of mastering the language code.
It is motivating for the young children and can therefore be used to practice the structures. Oral reading is also an effective device for quick testing of reading comprehension and for improving pronunciation.
Teachers must be role models that students can imitate. Your students will be more interested in reading if they see you reading. Try to find a few hours a week (or at least three times a week if that’s the only option you have) so that you and your students can read silently in class.

You can adapt this depending on the age and developmental level of the students. For example, younger children might read a picture book with a friend or listen to someone read in small groups.
Sustained silent reading (LSS) or intensive reading allows children to learn to read independently at their own pace (more or less quickly than classmates). It’s about focusing on the whole story (or the whole chapter if the story is very long) and on the children’s personal response to what they read.

LSS can be done with a class book, with books that the students have chosen from another class or from the school library, or with newspapers and magazines (if the children are interested in them) – See resource 4: Sustained silent reading.

But a word of warning; since reading means ‘reading with comprehension’, it is necessary for the students to understand the passage before they are asked to read it aloud. Without such understanding the reading would become what Maria Montessori calls ‘barking at print’.
The Orally reading: The reading of printed or written material orally, or produce sound while reading the text, often used as measure of a student’s overall reading performance to observing for reading accuracy, fluency, and comprehension that cannot be observed directly from the act of silent reading.
Silent & Oral Reading of English Text
How to present a text in English orally?
It’s important to create a clear and concise introduction that gives listeners an idea of the content and purpose of your presentation. It is important to know how to analyze an English text to understand its ideas and use appropriate expressions to express your opinion.

Reading aloud is an exercise known in schools; it is because it allows the child’s language to be developed effectively. By reading a text aloud or hearing a text read by another, the child enriches his vocabulary.
Silent & Oral Reading of English Text
What sentence to start an oral?
To start

Okay, I think I’ll start. Greet and introduce yourself Hello, my name is / I am… Addressing participants have you ever heard of… / read…? I’m sure you’ve already heard of .

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